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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social and Political life (All Chp together)

Exercises

20 Qs

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Leaders of the freedom movement had an open mind that the country should be democratic after independence.

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Members of the Constituent Assembly of India held the same views on all provisions of the Constitution.

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A country that has a constitution must be a democracy.

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Constitution cannot be amended because it is the supreme law of a country.

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Which of these was the most salient underlying conflict in the making of a democratic constitution in South Africa?

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Which of these is a provision that a democratic Constitution does not have? 

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Match the following leaders with their roles in the making of the Constitution:

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Read again the extracts from Nehrus speech Tryst with Destiny and answer the following:
Why did Nehru use the expression not wholly or in full measure in the first sentence?

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Read again the extracts from Nehrus speech Tryst with Destiny and answer the following:
What pledge did he want the makers of the Indian Constitution to take?

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Read again the extracts from Nehru's speech Tryst with Destiny and answer the following:
The ambition of the greatest man of our generation has been to wipe every tear from every eye. Who was he referring to?

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Given here are some of the guiding values of the Constitution and their meaning. Match them correctly.
Column IColumn II
aSovereign(i)Government will not favour any religion.
bRepublic(ii)People have the supreme right to make decisions.
cFraternity(iii)Head of the state is an elected person.
dSecular(iv)People should live like brothers and sisters.

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A friend from Nepal has written you a letter describing the political situation there. Many political parties are opposing the rule of the king. Some of them say that the existing constitution given by the monarch can be amended to allow more powers to elected representatives. Others are demanding a new Constituent Assembly to write a republican constitution. Reply to your friend giving your opinions on the subject.

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Here are different opinions about what made India a democracy. How much importance would you give to each of these factors?
Democracy in India is a gift of the British rulers. We received training to work with representative legislative institutions under the British rule.

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Here are different opinions about what made India a democracy. How much importance would you give to each of these factors?
Freedom Struggle challenged the colonial exploitation and denial of different freedoms to Indians. Free India could not be anything but democratic.

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Here are different opinions about what made India a democracy. How much importance would you give to each of these factors?
We were lucky to have leaders who had democratic convictions. The denial of democracy in several other newly independent countries shows the important role of these leaders.

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Read the following extract from a conduct book for married women, published in 1912. God has made the female species delicate and fragile both physically and emotionally, pitiably incapable of self-defence. They are destined thus by God to remain in male protection of father, husband and son all their lives. Women should, therefore, not despair, but feel obliged that they can dedicate themselves to the service of men. Do you think the values expressed in this para reflected the values underlying our constitution? Or does this go against the constitutional values?

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Read the following statements about a constitution. Give reasons why each of these is true or not true.
The authority of the rules of the constitution is the same as that of any other law.

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Read the following statements about a constitution. Give reasons why each of these is true or not true.
Constitution lays down how different organs of the government will be formed.

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Read the following statements about a constitution. Give reasons why each of these is true or not true.
Rights of citizens and limits on the power of the government are laid down in the constitution.

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Read the following statements about a constitution. Give reasons why each of these is true or not true.
A constitution is about institutions, not about values.

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Exercises

11 Qs

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Which of the following does not lead to the spread of democracy?

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Which of the following statements is true about todays world?

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Use one of the following sentences to complete the sentence;
Democracy in the international organisations requires that ________.

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Based on the information given in this chapter, match the following countries and the path democracy has taken in that country.
COUNTRY                                                              PATH TO DEMOCRACY

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What are the difficulties people face in a non-democratic country? Give answers drawing from the examples given in this chapter.

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Which freedoms are usually taken away when a democracy is overthrown by the military?

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Which of the following positions can contribute to democracy at the global level? Give reasons for your answer in each case.
My country gives more money to international institutions.Therefore, I want to be treated with more respect and exercise more power.

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Which of the following positions can contribute to democracy at the global level? Give reasons for your answer in each case.
My country may be small or poor. But my voice must be heard with equal respect, because these decisions will affect my country.

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Which of the following positions can contribute to democracy at the global level? Give reasons for your answer in each case.
Wealthy nations will have a greater say in international affairs.They cannot let their interests suffer just because they are outnumbered by poor nations.

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Which of the following positions can contribute to democracy at the global level? Give reasons for your answer in each case.
Big countries like India must have a greater say in international organisations.

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Here are three opinions heard in a television debate on the struggle for democracy in Nepal. Which of these do you agree with and why?
Guest 1: India is a democracy. Therefore, the Indian government must support the people of Nepal who are struggling against monarchy and for democracy.
Guest 2: That is a dangerous argument. We would be in the same position as the US was in Iraq. Remember, no outside force can promote democracy.
Guest 3: But why should we bother about the internal affairs of another country? We should be worried about our business interests there, not about democracy.

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Exercises

13 Qs

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Which of the following is not an instance of an exercise of a Fundamental Right?

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Which of the following freedoms is not available to an Indian citizen?
(a) 
Freedom to criticise the government
(b) Freedom to participate in armed revolution
(c) Freedom to start a movement to change the government
(d) Freedom to oppose the central values of the Constitution

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Which of the following right is available under the Indian Constitution?

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Name the Fundamental Right under which each of the following rights falls:
Freedom to propagate one's religion.

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Name the Fundamental Right under which each of the following rights falls:
Right to life.

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Name the Fundamental Right under which each of the following right falls:
Abolition of untouchability.

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Name the Fundamental Right under which each of the following rights falls:
Ban on bonded labour.

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Which of these statements about the relationship between democracy and rights is more valid?

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Are these restrictions on the right to freedom justified? Give reasons for your answer.
Indian citizens need permission to visit some border areas of the country for reasons of security.

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Are these restrictions on the right to freedom justified? Give reasons for your answer.
Outsiders are not allowed to buy property in some areas to protect the interest of the local population.

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Are these restrictions on the right to freedom justified? Give reasons for your answer.
The government bans the publication of a book that can go against the ruling party in the next elections.

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Manoj went to a college to apply for admission into an MBA course. The clerk refused to take his application and said You, the son of a sweeper, wish to be a manager! Has anyone done this job in your community? Go to the municipality office and apply for a sweepers position. Which of Manoj's fundamental rights are being violated in this instance? Spell these out in a letter from Manoj to the district collector.

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When Madhurima went to the property registration office, the Registrar told her, You can't write your name as Madhurima Banerjee d/o A. K. Banerjee. You are married, so you must give your husbands name. Your husband's surname is Rao. So your name should be changed to Madhurima Rao. She did not agree. She said If my husbands name has not changed after marriage, why should mine? In your opinion who is right in this dispute? And why?

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Exercises

23 Qs

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Which of the following statements about the reasons for conducting elections are false?

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Which of these is not a good reason to say that Indian elections are democratic?

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Match the following :

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List all the different election related activities mentioned in the chapter and arrange them in a time sequence, beginning with the first activity and ending with the last. Some of these activities are given below:
releasing election manifestos; counting of votes; making of voters list; election campaign; declaration of election results; casting of votes; ordering of re-poll; announcing election schedule; filing nomination.

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Surekha is an officer in-charge of ensuring free and fair elections in an assembly constituency in a state. Describe what should she focus on for each of the following stages of election:
Election campaign.

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Surekha is an officer in-charge of ensuring free and fair elections in an assembly constituency in a state. Describe what should she focus on for each of the following stages of election:
Polling day.

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Surekha is an officer in-charge of ensuring free and fair elections in an assembly constituency in a state. Describe what should she focus on for each of the following stages of election:
Counting day.

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The table below gives the proportion of different communities among the candidates who won elections to the US Congress. Compare these to the proportion of these communities in the population of the US.
Based on this, would you suggest a system of reservations in the US Congress? If yes, why and for which communities? If no, why not?

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Can we draw the following conclusions from the information given in this chapter? Give two facts to support your position for each of these.
Election Commission of India does not have enough powers to conduct free and fair elections in the country.

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Can we draw the following conclusions from the information given in this chapter? Give two facts to support your position for each of these. 
There is a high level of popular participation in the elections in our country.

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Can we draw the following conclusions from the information given in this chapter? Give two facts to support your position for each of these.
It is very easy for the party in power to win an election.

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Can we draw the following conclusions from the information given in this chapter? Give two facts to support your position for each of these.
Many reforms are needed to make our elections completely free and fair.

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Chinappa was convicted for torturing his wife for dowry. Satbir was held guilty of practising untouchability. The court did not allow either of them to contest elections. Does this decision go against the principles of democratic elections?

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Here are some reports of electoral malpractices from different parts of the world. Is there anything that these countries can learn from India to improve their elections? What would you suggest in each case?
During an election in Nigeria, the officer in charge of counting votes deliberately increased the votes of one candidate and declared him elected. The court later found out that more than five lakh votes cast for one candidate were counted in favour of another.

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Here are some reports of electoral malpractices from different parts of the world. Is there anything that these countries can learn from India to improve their elections? What would you suggest in each case?
Just before elections in Fiji, a pamphlet was distributed warning voters that a vote for former Prime Minister, Mahendra Chaudhry will lead to bloodshed. This was a threat to voters of Indian origin.

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Here are some reports of electoral malpractices from different parts of the world. Is there anything that these countries can learn from India to improve their elections? What would you suggest in each case?
In the US, each state has its own method of voting, its own procedure of counting and its own authority for conducting elections. Authorities in the state of Florida took many controversial decisions that favoured Mr. Bush in the presidential elections in 2000. But no one could change those decisions.

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Here are some reports of malpractices in Indian elections. Identify what the problem in each case is. What should be done to correct the situation?
Following the announcement of elections, the minister promised to provide financial aid to reopen the closed sugar mill.

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Here are some reports of malpractices in Indian elections. Identify what the problem in each case is. What should be done to correct the situation?
Opposition parties alleged that their statements and campaign was not given due attention in Doordarshan and All India Radio.

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Here are some reports of malpractices in Indian elections. Identify what the problem in each case is. What should be done to correct the situation?
An inquiry by the Election Commission showed that electoral rolls of a state contain name of 20 lakh fake voters.

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Here are some reports of malpractices in Indian elections. Identify what the problem in each case is. What should be done to correct the situation?
The hoodlums of a political party were moving with guns, physically preventing supporters of other political parties to meet the voters and attacking meetings of other parties.

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Ramesh was not in class when this chapter was being taught. He came the next day and repeated what he had heard from his father. Can you tell Ramesh what is wrong with these statements?
Women always vote the way men tell them to. So what is the point of giving them the right to vote?

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Ramesh was not in class when this chapter was being taught. He came the next day and repeated what he had heard from his father. Can you tell Ramesh what is wrong with these statements?
Party politics creates tension in society. Elections should be decided by consensus not by competition.

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Ramesh was not in class when this chapter was being taught. He came the next day and repeated what he had heard from his father. Can you tell Ramesh what is wrong with these statements?
Only graduates should be allowed to stand as candidates for elections.

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Exercises

23 Qs

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Here is some information about four countries. Based on this information, how would you classify each of these countries. Write democratic, undemocratic or not sure against each of these.
Country A: People who do not accept the country's official religion do not have a right to vote.
Country B: The same party has been winning elections for the last twenty years.
Country C: Ruling party had lost last three elections.
Country D: There is no independent election commission.

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Here is some information about four countries. Based on this information, how would you classify each of these countries. Write democratic, undemocratic or not sure against each of these.
 Country B: The same party has been winning elections for the last twenty years.

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Here is some information about four countries. Based on this information, how would you classify each of these countries. Write democratic, undemocratic or not sure against each of these.
Country C: Ruling party has lost in the last three elections.

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Here is some information about four countries. Based on this information, how would you classify each of these countries. Write democratic, undemocratic or not sure against each of these.
Country D: There is no independent election commission.

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Here is some information about four countries. Based on this information, how would you classify each of these countries. Write democratic, undemocratic or not sure against each of these.
Country P: The parliament cannot pass a law about the army without the consent of the Chief of Army.

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Here is some information about four countries. Based on this information, how would you classify each of these countries. Write democratic, undemocratic or not sure against each of these.
Country Q: The parliament cannot pass a law reducing the powers of the judiciary.

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Here is some information about four countries. Based on this information, how would you classify each of these countries. Write democratic, undemocratic or not sure against each of these.
Country R: The country's leaders cannot sign any treaty with another country without taking permission from its neighbouring country.

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Here is some information about four countries. Based on this information, how would you classify each of these countries. Write democratic, undemocratic or not sure against each of these.
Country S: All the major economic decisions about the country are taken by officials of the central bank which the ministers cannot change.

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Which of these is not a good argument in favour of democracy? Why?

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Each of these statements contains a democratic and an undemocratic element. Write out the two separately for each statement.
A minister said that some laws have to be passed by the parliament in order to conform to the regulations decided by the World Trade Organisation (WTO).

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Each of these statements contains a democratic and an undemocratic element. Write out the two separately for each statement.
The Election Commission ordered re-polling in a constituency where large-scale rigging was reported.

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Each of these statements contains a democratic and an undemocratic element. Write out the two separately for each statement.
Women's representation in the parliament has barely reached 10 per cent. This led women's organisations to demand one-third seats for women.

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Which of these is not a valid reason for arguing that there is a lesser possibility of famine in a democratic country?

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There are 40 villages in a district where the government has made no provision for drinking water. These villagers met and considered many methods of forcing the government to respond to their need.
Which of these is not a democratic method?

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Write a response to the following arguments against democracy:
(a) 
Army is the most disciplined and corruption-free organisation in the country. Therefore army should rule the country.
(b) Rule of the majority means the rule of ignorant people. What we need is the rule of the wise, even if they are in small numbers.
(c) If we want religious leaders to guide us in spiritual matters, why not invite them to guide us in politics as well. The country should be ruled by religious leaders.

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Are the following statements in keeping with democracy as a value? Why?
Father to daughter: I dont want to hear your opinion about your marriage. In our family children marry where the parents tell them to.

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Is the following statement is democratic or undemocratic? Explain.
Teacher to student: Don't disturb my concentration by asking me questions in the classroom.

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Are the following statements in keeping with democracy as a value? Why?
Employee to the officer: Our working hours must be reduced according to the law.

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Consider the following facts about a country and decide if you would call it a democracy. Give reasons to support your decision.
All the citizens of the country have right to vote. Elections are held regularly.

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Consider the following facts about a country and decide if you would call it a democracy. Give reasons to support your decision.
The country took loan from international agencies. One of the conditions for giving loan was that the government would reduce its expenses on education and health.

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Consider the following facts about a country and decide if you would call it a democracy. Give reasons to support your decision.
People speak more than seven languages but education is available only in one language, the language spoken by 52 percent people of that country.

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Consider the following facts about a country and decide if you would call it a democracy. Give reasons to support your decision.
Several organisations have given a call for peaceful demonstrations and nation wide strikes in the country to oppose these policies. Government has arrested these leaders.

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Consider the following facts about a country and decide if you would call it a democracy. Give reasons to support your decision.
The government owns the radio and television in the country. All the newspapers have to get permission from the government to publish any news about governments policies and protests.

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Exercises

13 Qs

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If you are elected as the President of India which of the following decision can you take on your own?

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Who among the following is a part of Political Executive?

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Which of the following statements about Judiciary is false?

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Which of the following institutions can make changes to an existing law of the country?

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Match the ministry with the news that the ministry may have released:

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Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters.
Decision on allocation of money for developing infrastructure like roads, irrigation etc. and different welfare activities for the citizens.

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Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters.
Considers the recommendation of a Committee on a law to regulate the stock exchange.

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Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters.
Decides on a legal dispute between two state governments.

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Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters.
Implements the decision to provide relief for the victims of an earthquake.

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Why is the Prime Minister in India not directly elected by the people? Choose the most appropriate answer and give reasons for your choice.

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Three friends went to watch a film that showed the hero becoming Chief Minister for a day and making big changes in the state. Imran said this is what the country needs. Rizwan said this kind of a personal rule without institutions is dangerous. Shankar said all this is a fantasy. No minister can do anything in one day. What would be your reaction to such a film?

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A teacher was making preparations for a mock parliament. She called two students to act as leaders of two political parties. She gave them an option: Each one could choose to have a majority either in the mock Lok Sabha or in the mock Rajya Sabha. If this choice was given to you, which one would you choose and why?

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After reading the example of the reservation order, three students had different reactions about the role of the judiciary. Which view, according to you, is a correct reading of the role of judiciary?
(a) Srinivas argues that since the Supreme Court agreed with the government, it is not independent.
(b) Anjaiah says that judiciary is independent because it could have given a verdict against the government order. The Supreme Court did direct the government to modify it.
(c) Vijaya thinks that the judiciary is neither independent nor conformist, but acts as a mediator between opposing parties. The court struck a good balance between those who supported and those who opposed the order.

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