Reading Comprehension

English
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(Read the text and answer the question.)

We tend to be harsh on our bureaucracy, but nowhere do citizens enjoy dealing with their government. They do it because they have to. But that doesn’t mean that the experience has to be dismal. Now there is a new wind blowing through government departments around the world, which could take some of this pain away. In the next five years it may well transform not only the way public services are delivered but also the fundamental relationship between governments and citizens. Not surprisingly, it is the internet that is behind it. After e-commerce and e-business, the next revolution may be e-governance. Examples abound. The municipality of Phoenix, Arizona, allows its citizens to renew their car registrations, pay traffic fines, and replace lost identity cards etc. online without having to stand in endless queues in a grubby municipal office. The municipality is happy because it saves 5 dollars a transaction — it costs only 1×60 dollars to process an online transaction versus 6×60 dollars to do it across the counter. In Chile, people routinely submit their income tax returns over the Internet, which has reduced the time taken and the member of errors and litigation with the tax department Both tax-payers and the revenue department are happier. The furthest ahead, not surprisingly, is the small, rich and entrepreneurial civil service of Singapore, which allows citizens to do more functions online than any other. As in many private companies, the purchasing and buying of Singapore’s government department is now n the Web, and cost benefits come through more competitive bidding, easy access to global suppliers and time saved by online processing of orders. They can post their catalogues on their site, bid for contracts, - submit invoices and check their payment status over the Net. The most useful idea for Indian municipalities is Govt. Works, a private sector- run site that collects local taxes, fines and utility bills for 3,600 municipalities across the United States. It is a citizen’s site, which also provides information on government jobs, tenders, etc. The most ambitious is the British government, which has targeted to convert 100 percent-of its transactions with its citizens to the Internet by 2005. Cynics in India will say, ‘Oh, e-government will never work in India. We are so poor and we don’t have computers. But they are wrong! There are many experiments afoot in India as well. Citizens in Andhra Pradesh can download government forms and submit applications on the Net without having to bribe clerks. In many districts, land records are online and this has created transparency. Similarly, in Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh, villagers have begun to file applications for land transfers and follow their progress on the Net. In seventy villages in the Larkspur and Sangli districts in Maharashtra, Internet booths have come up where farmers can daily check the market rates of agricultural commodities in Marathi, along with data on agricultural schemes, information on crop technology, when to spray and plant their crops and bus and railway timetables. They also find vocational guidance on jobs, applications for ration cards, kerosene/gas burners and land record extracts with details of land ownership. Sam Pitroda’s World Tel, Reliance Industries and the Tamil Nadu government are jointly laying 3,000 km of optic fiber cables to create a Tamil Network which will offer ration cards, schools, college and hospital admission forms, Land records, and pension records. If successful, WorldTel will expand the network to Gujarat, Karnataka and West Bengal. In Kerala, all the villages are getting linked online to the district headquarters, allowing citizens to compare the development priorities of their village with other villages in the state. Many are still skeptical of the real impact because so few Indians have computers. The answer lies in interactive c-cable TV and in Internet kiosks. Although India has only-five million computers and thirty- eight million telephones, it has thirty-four million homes with cable TV and these are growing at eight percent a year. By2005 most cable homes will have access to the Internet from many of the 700,000 local STD/PCO booths. Internet usage may be low today, but it is bound to grow rapidly in the future, and e-governance in India may not be a dream.

Question:
How can India overcome low penetration of computers for e-governance?

A
By manufacturing more computers
B
Through cable TV and Internet kiosks
C
By opening more STD/PCO booths
D
By making the Internet free
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The school medical attendant is ____.

A
Not required in the championship
B
Required to be present only in one location.
C
Required to be present in two location.
D
Required in more than two locations.
Easy
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According to the passage, the initial Iditarod race ________________.

A
was funded through the sale of musher entrance fees
B
was founded by an advocate for Alaskan history
C
ended at the ghost town of Iditarod
D
boasted a total of 400 entrants
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Based on information in the passage, it can be inferred that all of the following contributed to the disuse of the Iditarod Trail except _______________________.

A
more modern forms of transportation
B
depleted gold mines
C
highway routes to ghost towns
D
reduced demand for land travel
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As used in paragraph 3, the phrase "self-made historian" implies that Dorothy G. Page ______________.

A
was employed by the state to keep its dog sled history alive
B
(2)was determined to honour the glories of the gold rush in spite of her questionable credentials
C
had pursued the study of Alaska's history out of her own interest
D
had personally educated others about Alaska's history
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Kiran needs a pair of spikes to participate in the 100-meter race. She should contact the ____

A
Principle
B
Team Captain
C
Housemaster
D
Coordinator
Easy
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As used in paragraph 2, which is the best definition for mode?

A
formmula
B
way
C
perference
D
option
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The primary purpose of this passage is to ______________________.

A
recount the history of the Iditarod trail and the race that memorializes it
B
describe the obstacles involved in founding the Iditarod race
C
outline the circumstances that led to the establishment of the Iditarod Trail
D
re-establish the important place of the Iditarod Trail in Alaska's history
Easy
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