Question

A country with a high rate of population growth took measures reduce it. The figure below shows age-sex pyramids of populations A and B twenty years apart. Select the correct interpretation about them.

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A

B is less recent, showing that population is very young.

B

A is the earlier pyramid and no change has occurred in the growth rate.

C

A is more recent and shows slight reduction the growth rate.

D

B is earlier pyramid and shows stabilised growth rate.

Medium

Solution

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Correct option is C)

Population pyramid shows  the distribution of the population in the country.  The pyramid being broad-based shows high growth rate, high death rate, and short life expectancy. However, comparing the two pyramids show that B represents the population pyramid with the high birth rate as both males and females between the age group 0-9 touched 15 million. The figure A shows a reduced birth rate as the 0-9 age group is only at 12 million. Figure A, therefore, represents the recent  population statistics after the reduction measures have been taken by the country.


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