Question

(a) Figure shows a cross-section of a light pipe made of a glass fibre of refractive index 1.68. The outer covering of the pipe is made of a material of refractive index 1.44. What is the range of the angles of the incident rays with the axis of the pipe for which total reflections inside the pipe take place, as shown in the figure.
(b) What is the answer if there is no outer covering of the pipe?

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(a)
For critical angle, total internal reflection takes place when
maximum angle of reflection is
Let be the maximum angle of incidence.
Thus all the ray between will suffer TIR.

(b)
Now, (air)
Since , all incident ray will suffer TIR

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Physics Part-II
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