A train of length starts moving rectilinearly with constant acceleration ;  after the start the locomotive headlight is switched on (event 1), and  after that event the tail signal light is switched on (event 2) . At what constant velocity (in m/s) relative to the Earth must a certain reference frame  move for the two events to occur in it at the same point? (round off your answer to the nearest integer)

Updated on : 2022-09-05
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Correct option is A)

In the reference frame fixed to the train, the distance between the two events is obviously equal to . Suppose the train starts moving at time in the positive x direction and take the origin () at the head-light of the train at . Then the coordinate of first event in the earth's frame is

and similarly the coordinate of the second event is

The distance between the two events is obviously,

in the reference frame fixed on the earth.

For the two events to occur at the same point in the reference frame , moving with constant velocity relative to the earth, the distance travelled by the frame in the time interval must be equal to the above distance.



The frame must clearly be moving in a direction opposite to the train so that if (for example) the origin of the frame coincides with the point on the earth at time , it coincides with the point at time .

Solve any question of Motion in a Straight Line with:-
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