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Question

An area is declared as Hot Spot when 

A

It has 1500 or more endemic species and 75% of its original habitat is lost

B

It has 1500 or more vertebrate species and 75% of its original habitat is lost

C

It has more than 2000 species of plants

D

Most of the species inhabiting the area is facing the risk of extinction

Hard

Solution

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Correct option is
A

It has 1500 or more endemic species and 75% of its original habitat is lost

An area is declared as Hot Spot when the region must fall in two of the criteria. That is, it must contain at least 1,500 species of vascular plants as endemic species and have lost at least 70% to 75% of its original habitat. A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with an unusual concentration of species, many of which are endemic. It is marked by a serious threat to its biodiversity by humans. 
So, the correct answer is option A.

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