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# An infinitely long cylinder of radius $$R$$ is made of an unusual exotic material with refractive index -1 (Figure). The cylinder is placed between two planes whose normals are along the y direction. The centre of the cylinder $$O$$ lies along the y-axis. A narrow laser beam is directed along the y direction from the lower plate. The laser source is at a horizontal distance $$x$$ from the diameter in the y direction. Find the range of $$x$$ such that light emitted from the lower plane does not reach the upper plane

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#### As the cylinder is made of refractive index $$(-1)$$ and is placed in air of $$\mu =1$$, so when ray $$AB$$ is incident at B to cyliner, $${\theta}_{r}$$ will be negative ie., refractive ray will get reflected from normal. Similar thing happens at incidence point $$C$$ and angle of refraction and incident at $$B$$ and $$C$$ will be equal $$({\theta}_{r})$$ as $$OB=OC=R$$ and of refraction at $$C$$ is $${\theta}_{r}$$$${\theta}_{1}=\left| { \theta }_{ i } \right| =\left| { \theta }_{ r } \right| =\left| { \theta }_{ r } \right|$$ as reflection takes placeThe total deviation of out-coming ray from the incoming ray $$4{\theta}_{1}$$. Rays shall not reach the receiving plane if $$\cfrac { \pi }{ 2 } \le 4\theta \le \cfrac { 3\pi }{ 2 }$$ angles measured clockwise from the y axisor $$\cfrac { \pi }{ 8 } \le \theta \le \cfrac { 3\pi }{ 8 }$$ (on dividing by 4 to all sides)$$\sin { { \theta }_{ 1 } } =\cfrac { x }{ R }$$$$\cfrac { \pi }{ 8 } \le \sin ^{ -1 }{ \cfrac { x }{ R } } \le \cfrac { 3\pi }{ 8 } \quad or\quad \cfrac { \pi }{ 8 } \le \cfrac { x }{ R } \le \cfrac { 3\pi }{ 8 }$$Thus for light emitted from the source shall not reach the receiving plane if $$\cfrac { R\pi }{ 8 } \le x\le \cfrac { 3R\pi }{ 8 }$$

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