Assume that an electron of mass m and charge magnitude e
moves in a circular orbit of radius r about a nucleus. A uniform
magnetic field is then established perpendicular to the plane of
the orbit. Assuming also that the radius of the orbit does not
change and that the change in the speed of the electron due to field  is small, find an expression for the change in the orbital magnetic
dipole moment of the electron due to the field.

Updated on : 2022-09-05
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An electric field with circular field lines is induced as the magnetic field is turned on.
Suppose the magnetic field increases linearly from zero to B in time t. According to Eq.
31-27, the magnitude of the electric field at the orbit is given by


where r is the radius of the orbit. The induced electric field is tangent to the orbit and
changes the speed of the electron, the change in speed being given by 


The average current associated with the circulating electron is and the dipole
moment is 


The change in the dipole moment is 


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