  Question

# Define electric capacitance and write its S.I.unit.

Medium

## Solution Verified by Toppr

## The ratio of charge given to a conductor and potential raised due to this charge is called electric capacitance of the conductor. From equation : C Thus , the electric capacitance of a conductor is a constant. Its  value depends upon the nature and area of the conductor and on the environment around the conductor and also on the other conductors placed near the conductor. Again from , if =1 volt, then i.e. the electrical capacitance of a conductor of a conductor is equal to charge of conductor when the applied potential on a conductor take as unity. Unit and Dimensions: Unit of capacitance CV Farad (F) 1CV 1F If q = 1C, V = 1 volt, then C = 1F i.e., 'If on giving a charge of 1 C to a conductor its potential is increased by 1 volt, then the capacitance of the conductor will be 1F'. Farad is a big unit of capacitance. In practice other small units e.g, F and or pF are used. F F and F = 1 pF = F Dimensional formula:     Dimensional formula of C                                                  Graph : If a graph is plotted between and , then the straight line is obtained. The gradient of the graphical line i.e., the gradient of the graph provides the capacitance of the conductor.  0 0