Define equipotential surface.

Verified by Toppr

Any surface over which the potential is constant is called an equipotential surface.In other words, the potential difference between any two points on an equipotential surface is zero.
Some important properties of equipotential surfaces :
1. Work done in moving a charge over an equipotential surface is zero.
2. The electric field is always perpendicular to an equipotential surface.
3. The spacing between equipotential surfaces enables us to identify regions of strong and weak fields.
4. Two equipotential surfaces can never intersect. If two equipotential surfaces could intersect, then at the point of intersection there would be two values of electric potential which is not possible.

Was this answer helpful?
Similar Questions

Optical analogue of an equipotential surface is

View Solution

Equipotential surfaces cannot

View Solution

Define an equipotential surface. Draw equipotential surfaces :

(i) in the case of a single point charge and
(ii) in a constant electric field in Z-direction.

Why the equipotential surfaces about a single charge are not equidistant ?
(iii) Can electric field exist tangential to an equipotential surface ? Give reason.

View Solution

What is an equipotential surface? Mention any two characteristics of equipotential surfaces.

View Solution

An equipotential surface is that surface

View Solution