Question

# Describe the compound microscope on the following headings (i) Labelled Ray diagram of formation of image. (ii) Magnifying power when final image is formed at least distance of distinct vision.

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Updated on : 2022-09-05
Solution
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## Where,O Objective lens, E Eye lens, AB Object, PQ Image(ii) Calculation of magnification: Ratio of angle subtended by an image to the angle subtended by an object placed at least distance of distinct vision is called magnifying power of microscope.If angle subtended by an image is and angle by an object placed at D is given by . Therefore, magnifying power.              .......... (i)Where, D Least distance of distinct vision.As eye is close to the eye lens, we can take the angle subtended at lens for human eye also. Angle made by an image PQor Where, Distance of image from eye lens.Substituting above values in eqn. (i),           ........... (ii)Now, in similar triangle and , From eqn. (ii),     or                                                                                                                           (By sign convention)Where, Distance of object from objective lens, Distance between objective to the image A'B'.or            ....... (iii)When image is formed at least distance of distinct vision:Form formula: For eye lesn, or But, or or Substituting this value in eqn. (iii), we get,           ........ (iv) Formula for magnification when image is formed at D magnification.

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