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Question

Differentiate between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Give one example for each.

Solution
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Saturated hydrocarbonUnsaturated hydrocarbon
1. It consists of a single bond between carbon atoms.Double or triple bond between carbon atoms is present.
2. It bums with a blue flame.It burns with a sooty flame.
3. Show substitution reactionShow additional reaction.
4. Less reactive Eg. $$CH_4$$, Methane $$C_2H_6$$, EthaneMore reactive
E.g. $$H_2C=CH_2$$, Ethene
$$HC ≡ CH$$, Ethyne

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