Question

Explain the change of state of substances .

Hard
Updated on : 2022-09-05
Solution
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Normally , matter exists in three states : solid , liquid and gas . A change from one of these states to another can be done . These take place when there is exchange of heat between the substance and its surroundings.
Take some ice-cubes in a beaker . Note the temperature of ice. Slowly heat it . Observe the temperature after every minutes and stir the mixture of water and ice continuosly . We will see that three is no change in temperature as long as there in the beaker.
In this process  , even though the heat is continuously supplied, but the temperature does not change . The heat supplied is used in changing the state from solid to liquid
The change of state from solid to liquid is called melting and that from liquid to solid is called fusion.
The temperature remains until all the ice melts. At this point , further heat transfer will produce a temperature increase of liquid phase till it reaches ,the boiling  point of water . It remains at till all the water changes into gas (steam).
Melting point : The temperature at which the solid and liquid state of substance (in thermal equilibrium ) coexist with each other is called its melting point . The melting point of a substance depends on the nature of the substance . It also depends upon the pressure.
Boiling point  : The temperature at which the liquid and the vapour states of the substance coexists .
Sublimation : It is the change from solid to vapour state without passing through the liquid state . The substance showing  sublimation are called sublime . For e.g . Dry ice and iodine . In this process both solid ans gaseous state co - exist .

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