Question

Explain the political and economic causes for the revolt of 1857.

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Solution

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Political causes:
(i) Policy of Doctrine of Lapse.
(ii) Satara, Jhansi, Udaipur, Jaipur came under British control.
(iii) Cancellation of princely titles.
(iv) Removal of kings from the power.
(v) Unemployment of Soldiers.

Economic Causes:
(i) Industrial revolution.
(ii) Unemployment of craftsmen.
(iii) Heavy tax on sale of Indian goods.
(iv) Exploitation of farmers by Zamindars.
(v) Inam lands were taken back.

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