I read the third and _____ fourth chapter of the book.
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Correct option is
The use of definite article 'the' before the noun 'book', makes it clear that we are referring to a specific book and its chapters. Therefore it is imperative that we use 'the' before 'fourth chapter' to show that we are not referring to just any chapter of any book but a specific chapter of a specific book. Also when two or more nouns or adjectives refer to different persons or things, the article is used before each noun or adjective. Thus option C is the correct answer.
Options A and B are incorrect because 'a' and 'an' are indefinite articles used before singular nonspecific nouns that start with a consonant and vowel sound respectively.
Option D is incorrect because if we do not use an article it would make the sentence incomplete.