First man who attempted to estimate the population of Mughal India was _________.
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Moreland was the first to attempt the estimation of demographics during Mughal India. He relied on the figures available in Ain-i-Akbari. He represented the gross cropped area as Arazi. Based on the relation between the gross cropped area and gross cultivation, and assuming a direct proportionality between the gross cultivation and the size of population, he estimated the population of North India to be 30-40 million at the end of the sixteenth century.