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Question

How was the 90 tonne stone transferred to the top of the shikhara of the Rajarajeshvara temple at Thanjavur?

A

Manually lifted.

B

Rolled over an inclined plane.

C

Lifted using a chain & pulley system.

D

Using an unknown ancient technology.

Medium

Solution

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Correct option is
B

Rolled over an inclined plane.

Monuments provide an insight into the technologies used for construction. 
The Rajarajeshvara temple at Thanjavur had the tallest shikhara amongst the temples of its time. Constructing it was not an easy task as there were no cranes and the 90 tonne stone was too heavy for manual lifting.
So architects built an inclined plane to the top of the temple, placed the boulder on rollers and rolled it all the way to the top. The path started more than four kilometres away so that it would not be too steep.

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