Identify the participle phrase in the following sentence:

The horse trotting up to the fence hopes that you have an apple or carrot.


trotting up to the fence


that you have an apple or carrot


an apple or carrot


you have an apple



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Correct option is

trotting up to the fence

A participle is that form of the verb which partakes of the nature both of a Verb and of an Adjective.
A participle phrase will begin with a present or past participle. If the participle is present, it will dependably end in ing. Likewise a regular past participle will end in a consistent ed.
Since, all phrases require two or more words, a participle phrase will often include objects and/or modifiers that complete the thought.
Participle phrases always function as adjectives,adding description to the sentence.
In this case,
Option A is correct. The participle phrase 'Trotting up to the fence' modifies the noun 'horse'. The present participle 'trotting' introduces the participle phrase.
Option B is incorrect as 'that you have an apple or carrot' is a clause having its own subject and predicate.
Options C and D are incorrect as they are devoid of any participle.

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