Question

Match the following nutrition/vitamin deficiencies in column I
with causes/deficiencies is column II and choose the correct
option from the answer key

Column I

Column II
(a)
Kwashiorkor 
 (p)
Iron
(b)
General Anaemia
 (q)
Menadione
(c)
Dermatitis
 (r)
Protein
(d)
Marasmus
 (s)
Pyridoxine
(e)
Bleeding
 (t)
Biotin

A

(a) -(p) , (b)- (t) , (c) -(q) ,(d)- (r), (e) -(s)

B

(a) -(t) , (b)- (q) , (c) -(r) ,(d)- (s), (e) -(p)

C

(a) -(q) , (b)- (r) , (c) -(s) ,(d)- (p), (e) -(t)

D

(a) -(r) , (b)- (p) , (c) -(t) ,(d)- (s), (e) -(q)

E

(a) -(r) , (b)- (s) , (c) -(p) ,(d)- (t), (e) -(q)

Easy
Solution
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Correct option is E)

  • Kwashiorkor is a form of severe protein malnutrition. Hence, protein deficiency causes Kwashiorkor.
  • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) deficiency can cause a form of anemia. Haemoglobin that carries oxygen in the red blood cells to the tissues, is decreased. 
  • Some people may develop an allergy to ferrous sulfate therapy. This can cause you to develop an itchy rash on the skin (dermatitis).
  • Biotin deficiency causes marasmus. It is a form of severe malnutrition which can occur in anyone, but it usually occurs in children.
  • Menadione (vitamin K3) is also essential for normal blood clotting, known as coagulation; low levels of vitamin K can cause a person to bleed excessively. 
  • So, the correct answer is "(a) -(r) , (b)- (s) , (c) -(p) ,(d)- (t), (e) -(q)'.


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