Out of respiration and photosynthesis which is anabolic and which is catabolic process. Why?

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  • A catabolic process is a process by which complex compounds are broken down into simpler components or molecules and releases energy. 
  • Whereas, the anabolic process creates complex molecules broken down in catabolism by utilizing energy and these molecules remain in the organism to be used again.
  • Photosynthesis is an anabolic process as it combines carbon dioxide and water in the presence of solar energy to form a complex substance called glucose in the leaves.
  • Respiration is a catabolic process as it breaks down complex molecules into simpler ones with release of energy in the form of ATP molecule.

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