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Question

Phosphorus has three allotropic forms- (A) White phosphorus (B) red phosphorus and (C) black phosphorus, Write the difference between white and red phosphorus on the basis of their structure and reactivity.

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Solution

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White phosphorus consists of molecules, whereas the crystal structure of red phosphorus has a complicated network of bonding. White phosphorus has to be stored in water to prevent natural combustion, but red phosphorus is stable in air.

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