Question

Rain shadow effect is associated with _______.

A

cyclonic rainfall

B

orographic rainfall

C

convectional rainfall

D

frontal rainfall

Medium

Solution

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Correct option is
B

orographic rainfall

The rain shadow effect refers to the formation of a dry area due to the effect of a topographic barrier, especially a mountain range. A rain shadow is formed when wind carries moist air towards the mountain. The height of the mountain forces the moist air upwards where it condenses and precipitates. This rainfall is orographic rainfall. The leeward side is the rain shadow area. 

The correct answer is option B.

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