'Flamingo City' is an island in the middle of the Rann of Kutch, known over the world as one of the biggest breeding grounds of the greater flamingo.
Flamingos need salt-encrusted, damp mud to build nests. The place where they build their nests has to be inaccessible to predatory cats and birds. It should also have sufficient food. Rann gets water from shallow sea channels and rivers like the Luni and the Banas, flowing into the region from Rajasthan. The right mix of sweet and brackish water in the Rann is crucial for the proliferation of planktons and algae, that the flamingo survives on.
Indian wild ass sanctuary is located in the 'Little Rann' of Kutch in the Gujarat state of India. Spread over 4954 km, it is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India.