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biology

Select correct statement about biodiversity.

A

Desert areas of Rajasthan and Gujarat have a very high level of desert animal species as well as rare animals

B

Western Ghats have a very high degree of species richness and endemism

C

Conservation of biodiversity is a fad pursued by developed countries

D

Large scale planting of Bt cotton has no adverse effect on biodiversity

Answer

A mountain range that runs parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula is known as the Western Ghats. The area has over 7,402 species of flowering plants, 1,814 species of non-flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species, 179 amphibian species, 6,000 insects species, and 290 freshwater fish species. Many undiscovered species also exist. Around 325 globally threatened species also occur here. And this makes clear that the Western Ghats are the most biodiversity-rich zone in India. It is also known as 'Cradle of speciation'.
So, the correct answer is 'Western Ghats have a very high degree of species richness and endemism'.

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