Similipal is located in Mayurbhanj district of Odisha. It is a tiger reserve, biosphere reserve, national park, wildLife sanctuary, The Similipal tiger reserve is a compact block of elevated plateau located in central portion of the Mayurbhanj district. The stretch of forest including Similipal, spread over an area of 2750 square km was declared as tiger reserve with effect from 04-12-1973 under 'Project Tiger Scheme' of Government of India. Similipal reserve forest is the biggest reserve forest block of India with an area of 2271.78 km. The forest is a potential habitat both for wild animals and plants with good population of tigers, leopards, elephants, chital, sambar and 304 species of birds. The Similipal biosphere reserve came into existence during 1994 as per 'Man And Biosphere (MAB) programme' of UNESCO with the objective of bringing the people and domestic cattle along with the 'Forest & Wildlife' into one fold of management so that the economic condition of the people is enriched through eco-development programmes, so that the dependency on the forest is reduced.