Statement − 1 : White phosphorus is less stable where as red phosphorus is more stable.
Statement − 2 : White phosphorus exist as individual P4 having more strained geometery while red phosphorus has P4 tetrahedron structure linked together.
Statement − 1 is true, Statement − 2 is true and Statement − 2 is correct explanation for Statement − 1.
Statement − 1 is true, Statement − 2 is true and Statement − 2 is NOT the correct explanation for Statement − 1.
Statement − 1 is true, Statement − 2 is false.
Statement − 1 is false, Statement − 2 is true.
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Updated on : 2022-09-05
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Correct option is A)
White phosphorus has a tetrahedral basic unit where four phosphorus atoms arranged at the four corners of a tetrahedron are joined together by a total of six single bonds. This creates a very highly strained system which is unstable and very reactive. Red phosphorus has an amormous structure (only short range order, no long range one) and is therefore a lot more stable and less reactive