Question
Assertion

Statement 1 : White phosphorus is less stable where as red phosphorus is more stable.

Reason

Statement 2 : White phosphorus exist as individual having more strained geometery while red phosphorus has tetrahedron structure linked together.

A

Statement 1 is true, Statement 2 is true and Statement 2 is correct explanation for Statement 1.

B

Statement 1 is true, Statement 2 is true and Statement 2 is NOT the correct explanation for Statement 1.

C

Statement 1 is true, Statement 2 is false.

D

Statement 1 is false, Statement 2 is true.

Medium
Updated on : 2022-09-05
Solution
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Correct option is A)

White phosphorus  has a tetrahedral basic unit where four phosphorus atoms arranged at the four corners of a tetrahedron are joined together by a total of six single bonds. This creates a very highly strained system which is unstable and very reactive.  
Red phosphorus  has an amormous structure (only short range order, no long range one) and is therefore a lot more stable and less reactive

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