The 'Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve' was the first biosphere reserve in India established in the year 1986. It is located in the Western Ghats and includes 2 of the 10 biogeographical provinces of India.
A wide range of ecosystems and species diversity are found in this region. Thus, it was a natural choice for the premier biosphere reserve of the country.
It was established mainly to fulfill the following objectives:
- To conserve insitu genetic diversity of species.
- To restore degraded ecosystems to their natural conditions.
- To provide baseline data for ecological and environmental research and education.
- To function as an alternate model for sustainable development.