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The first biosphere reserve established in India for conserving the gene pool of flora and fauna and the life style of tribals is


Nilgiri biosphere reserve


Nanda Devi biosphere reserve


Utarakhand biosphere reserve


Great Nicobar biosphere reserve


The 'Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve' was the first biosphere reserve in India established in the year 1986. It is located in the Western Ghats and includes  2 of  the 10  biogeographical provinces of India.  
A wide range of ecosystems and species diversity  are found in this  region. Thus, it was  a natural choice for the premier  biosphere reserve of  the country.
It was established mainly to fulfill the following objectives: 
  1. To conserve insitu genetic diversity of species.
  2. To restore degraded ecosystems to their natural conditions.
  3. To provide baseline data for ecological and environmental research and education.
  4. To function as an alternate model for sustainable development.

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