The purpose of the third paragraph is to _________.
Highlight an example of the government increasing access to public education
Discuss initial technological advances in agriculture and mechanics
Outline the effects of the Morill Land- Grant Act on the United States economy
Explain the relationship between federal and state control of public universities
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The second paragraph of the passage talks about the how and why of the increasingly interest in public education that was displayed by the U.S government. When the following paragraph talks about the Morill Land Grant Act signed by President Lincoln, we realize that the entire paragraph supports the preceding one by providing an example. Option A best befits the context here. The other options are incorrect as the statements they make do not highlight the purpose of the third paragraph
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The volume of public expenditure increases with an increase in state activities and thereby the government borrows money which leads to
76. The Planning Commission was established in 1950 through a Government resolution to formulate long-term development Plans and to recommend them to the Union Cabinet. In framing its recommendations, the Commission has to act in close understanding and consultation with the ministries of the Central government and the governments of the States. The responsibility for policy decisions and implementation rests with the Central and State governments. Many have regarded and some still regard, that the Indian Plans are modelled on Soviet-type "command" planning. This is true only to the extent that there was considerable emphasis, particularly in the Second and Third Plans, on creation of a heavy industrial base under the auspices of the State. Under the aggressive intellectual leadership of Prof. P.C. Mahalanobis and a few other technical experts of the Commission, this objective was given a pride of place in development planning. Subsequently, as a result of severe difficulties, higher priority was accorded to agriculture. The Industrial policy resolutions of 1948 and 1956 provided the basic framework of industrial development and regulation. The Industrial policy Resolution of 1948 envisaged careful planning and integrated effort and that a progressively increased role will be assumed by the Central and State governments in the process of economic growth and in industrial development in particular, by the public sector within a mixed economy. It demarcated industries between the public and private sectors, providing for exclusive monopoly of the basic and infrastructural industries to the former. The Industrial policy Resolution of 1956 gave priority to development of heavy industries and machine-making industries, expansion of public sector, besides promoting the co-operative sector. Consider the following assumptions regarding the above passage. 1. The recommendations of Planning Commission is mandatory for Union and State governments. 2. Under industrial policy resolution 1948 both union government and state governments have to take some initiatives for economic growth through public sector undertakings. 3. The industrial policy resolution 1956 has prioritized heavy industries, machine making industries and cooperative sector through public sector undertakings.
1. Federations can be classified as 'Holding Together' and 'Coming Together'. 2. In the former category, a country chooses to divide its authority between the member states and the central government. India and Belgium are examples of such federations. 3. In the latter category, independent states join to form a larger unit. For example, the USA.
In light of the points given above, which of the following statements is/are true?
A federal state is one where both the central government and state governments are autonomous.
In a federal system of government, powers are shared between the Central Government and the State Governments.