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The species, which are in danger of extinction, are referred to as


Endangered species


Vulnerable species


Threatened species


Rare species


a) Endangered species are those that are at risk of extinction. Their number is so less that they may disappear from the planet altogether very soon. Factors such as habitat loss, hunting and climate change are the reason for species endangerment. 
b) A vulnerable species is a species of animals or plants which are likely to become endangered unless something changes.
c) Threatened species are any species (including animals, plants, fungi, etc.) which are vulnerable to endangerment in the near future. 
d) A rare species is a group of organisms that are very uncommon, scarce, or infrequently encountered. 
Thus the correct answer is option A.

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