Question

The top of the atmosphere is about with respect to the surface of earth, corresponding to an electric field that decreases with altitude. Near the surface of earth the field is about , but still don't get an electric shock, as we set out of our houses in to open because (assume the house is free from electric field)

A

our body is a perfect insulator

B

our body and ground form an equipotential surface

C

the original euipotential surfaces of open air remain same

D

none of these

Medium

Solution

verified
Verified by Toppr
Correct option is
B

our body and ground form an equipotential surface

Since, our body and the surface of earth, both are conducting, therefore our body and the ground form an equipotential surface. As we step out in to the open from our house, the original equipotential surfaces of open air change, keeping our body and the ground at the same potential. That is why we do not get an electric shock.

Solve any question of Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance with:-

Was this answer helpful?

upvote 0
downvote0

Similar questionsstar-struck

In a certain region of space. The potential field depends on and coordinates as . The corresponding electric field lines in x-y plane are correctly represented by

View solution
>

In a uniform electric field, equipotential surfaces must :

This question has multiple correct options
View solution
>

The top of the atmosphere is about 400 kV with respect to the surface of earth, corresponding to an electric field that decreases with altitude. Near the surface of the earth the field is about 100 V , but still dont get an electric shock, as we set out of our houses in to open because :(assume the house is free from electric field)

View solution
>

What is the angle between electric field and equipotential surfaces ?

View solution
>

Answer the following:
(a) The top of the atmosphere is at about 400 kV with respect to the surface of the earth, corresponding to an electric field that decreases with altitude. Near the surface of the earth, the field is about . Why then do we not get an electric shock as we step out of our house into the open? (Assume the house to be a steel cage so there is no field inside!)

(b) A man fixes outside his house one evening a two metre high insulating slab carrying on its top a large aluminium sheet of area . Will he get an electric shock if he touches the metal sheet next morning?

(c) The discharging current in the atmosphere due to the small conductivity of air is known to be 1800 A on an average over the globe. Why then does the atmosphere not discharge itself completely in due course and become electrically neutral? In other words, what keeps the atmosphere charged?

(d) What are the forms of energy into which the electrical energy of the atmosphere is dissipated during a lightning?
(Hint: The earth has an electric field of about 100 V at its surface in the downward direction, corresponding to a surface charge density = C. Due to the slight conductivity of the atmosphere up to about 50 km (beyond which it is good conductor), about + 1800 C is pumped every second into the earth as a whole. The earth, however, does not get discharged since thunderstorms and lightning occurring continually allover the globe pump an equal amount of negative charge on the earth.)

View solution
>

View more