Solve

Guides

Question

Open in App

Solution

Verified by Toppr

We usually think of the viscosity of a liquid as its "thickness".

For example, we say that honey is "thicker" (has a higher viscosity) than water.

One way to measure viscosity is to place the fluid between two flat parallel plates and slide one plate past the other.

In terms of the above diagram, the formula for viscosity η is

$$ \eta = \frac { F \delta }{Av } $$

Thus the units of visocity are $$ \frac { N \times m}{ m^2 \times m . s^{-1} }= N.sm.m^{-2} = P a.s $$

If a fluid is placed between two $$ 1m^2 $$ plates that are 1 m apart and one plate is pushed sideways with a force of 1 N and it moves at a velocity of $$ 1 m/s^{-1} $$ then the fluid has a viscosity $$ \eta = 1 Pa.s $$

Many chemists still use an old unit of viscosity, the poise (P), named after the French physician Jean Poiseuille.

It is convenient unit because $$ 1m Pa.s = 1cP $$

For example , the viscosity of water at $$ 20^0 C $$ is $$ 1.002 mPa.s $$ or $$ 1.002 cP $$

Honey has a viscosity of about $$ 10 Pa.s $$ or $$ 10000cP $$

Was this answer helpful?

0