What natural phenomena could serve as alternative time standards?
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A unit of time should be based on a reproducible standard so it can be used everywhere. The more accuracy required of the standard, the less the standard should change with time. The current, very accurate standard is the period of vibration of light emitted by a cesium atom. Depending on the accuracy required, other standards could be: the period of light emitted by a different atom, the period of the swing of a pendulum at a certain place on Earth, the period of vibration of a sound wave produced by a string of a specific length, density, and tension, and the time interval from full Moon to full Moon.