Question

What was the impact of the Mongol invasions on the Delhi Sultanate? 

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Solution

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The Delhi Sultanate mobilised a large standing army in Delhi as it posed a big administrative challenge.
Alauddin Khalji constructed a new garrison town at Siri for his soldiers. He imposed taxes on land to feed the army at the rate of percent of peasant's yield. He began to pay the soldiers in cash.
Muhammad Tugluq shifted people of Delhi to Daulatabad in south and thus converted Delhi into a garrison town. He also disbanded the army. He also paid the soldiers in cash.

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