Question

When electric current is passed through the copper sulfate solution, free copper ions gets drawn to the electrode connected to the .............. terminal of the battery and gets deposited on it.

A

positive

B

negative

C

does not get attracted

D

data insufficient

Easy

Solution

verified
Verified by Toppr
Correct option is B)

Whenever copper sulfate or CuSO4 is added to water, it gets dissolved in the water. As the CuSO4 is an electrolyte, it splits into (cation) and (anion) ions and move freely in the solution. Now if two copper electrodes are immersed in that solution, the  ions (cation) will be attracted towards cathode i.e. the electrode connected to the negative terminal of the battery . On reaching on the cathode, each  ion will take electrons from it and becomes neutral copper atoms. Similarly the (anion) ions will be attracted by anode i.e. the electrode connected to the positive terminal of the battery . So ions will move towards anode where they give up two electrons and become radical but since radical can not exist in the electrical neutral state, it will attack copper anode and will form copper sulfate.
Hence, 
When electric current is passed through the copper sulfate solution, free copper ions gets drawn to the electrode connected to the negative terminal of the battery and gets deposited on it.

Was this answer helpful?

upvote 0
downvote0