Question

Which of the following is a taxon?

A

Species

B

Genus

C

Phylum

D

All of the above

Medium

Solution

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Correct option is D)

  • Taxon represents taxonomic group of any rank. Each individual belongs to a hierarchy of taxa which are assigned taxonomic ranks. The seven essential ranks of taxa in descending order are kingdom, division/phylum, class, order, family, genus and species. 
  • Name of a species refers to group of potentially interbreeding, morphologically similar individuals. 
  • A genus is a taxonomic rank that constitutes single species of monophyletic group of species that share a sum total of characters, though they cannot interbreed. 
  • A group of closely related classes, that share some common morphological features but are reproductively incompatible, constitutes a phylum. 

  • Thus, names of species, genus and phylum represent taxa of a particular hierarchy which makes option D correct. 

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