Which of the following regions of our country are known for their rich biodiversity?
Western Ghats and Eastern Himalayas
Western Ghats and Deccan Plateu
Eastern Himalayas and Gangetic Plain
Trans-Himalayas and Deccan Peninsula
The Eastern Himalayas and the Western Ghats constitute 2 out of 4 biodiversity hotspots in our country. Ecological hot spots are large areas of Earth's land surface which have high concentrations of plant endemism and also experience high rates of habitat loss. An area must meet two strict criteria for becoming an ecological hotspot. Contain at least 1,500 species of vascular plants found nowhere else on Earth (known as "endemic" species), Have lost at least 70 percent of its primary native vegetation.
So, the correct answer is 'Western Ghats and Eastern Himalayas'.