Question

With respect to Mughal architecture, what does the term 'diwan-i-khas' refer to?

A

Ceremonial halls of private audience

B

Ceremonial halls of divine audience

C

Ceremonial halls of public audience

D

Ceremonial halls of public and private audience

Medium

Solution

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Correct option is
A

Ceremonial halls of private audience

The ceremonial hall private audience was referred to as the diwan-i-khaas. It was the hall in the Red Fort of Delhi where the Mughal emperor received courtiers and state guests. It was also known as the Shah Mahal.

The ceiling was originally inlaid with silver and gold but was stripped bare by successive financial crises of the empire by the Jats or Marathas.

Through the centre of the hall flowed the Stream of Paradise (Nahar-i-Bihish). The building used to have red awnings, or shamianas. Over the corner-arches of the northern and southern walls below the cornice is inscribed the verse of Amir Khusrou: "If there be a paradise on earth, it is this, it is this, it is this."

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