Meteorology: The branch of science that deals with the study of the earth's atmosphere and majorly focus on the weather processes and forecasting is known as meteorology. Weather forecasting is made depending on the various variables like temperature, air pressure, winds, etc. as they vary with time. Storms, lightning, rainfall, etc. are also studied under meteorology. Predictions made by the meteorological department are important to citizens, aviation services, farmers, and various other organisations. There are various models which are used weather prediction:
Mathematical Model: In this model, supercomputers are used to analyse complex data collected from observations and to find the optimal solution.
Holistic Model: In this model, the output from other models is also taken into consideration, and then collectively final prediction is made.