Write the equation involved in the following reactions: (i) Reimer-Tiemann reaction (ii) Kolbe's reaction
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(i) Reimer-Tiemann reaction → When phenol is treated with chloroform in the presence of sodium hydroxide, a −CHO group is introduced at the ortho position of the benzene ring. This reaction is known as the Reimer-Tiemann reaction. The intermediate is hydrolyzed in presence of alkalis to produce salicylaldehyde.
(ii) Kolbe's reaction → When phenol is treated with sodium hydroxide, sodium phenoxide is produced. This sodium phenoxide when treated with carbon dioxide, followed by acidification, undergoes electrophilic substitution to give ortho-hydroxybenzoic acid as the main product. This reaction is known as Kolbe's reaction.
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