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Important questions on Petroleum And Natural Gas

What is a natural gas?

View Answer

Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, but commonly including varying amounts of other higher alkanes and a small percentage of
It mainly occurs deeply in Earth.

Petroleum is:

A

lighter than water and soluble in it

B

heavier than water and insoluble in it

C

lighter than water and insoluble in it

D

heavier than water and soluble in it

View Answer

Petroleum is lighter than water. It has less density, so is insoluble in water.

Petroleum was formed from organisms:

A

living on the land

B

living on the plants

C

living in the sea

D

living on the rocks

View Answer

Petroleum is formed from dead organic matter. When a large amount of dead organism, usually zooplankton and algae are buried underneath sedimentary rock and subjected to intense heat and pressure after such a process the molecule turn into petroleum.Zooplankton is organism found in ocean and seas. This organism can't be found on land, on the rock, on the plant. So option "C "is the right answer.

Air is a natural resource and cannot be exhausted by human activities. It is known as inexhaustible natural resource. Which of the following is another inexhaustible natural resource?

A

Coal

B

Petroleum

C

Sunlight

D

Minerals

View Answer

Sunlight is an exhaustible natural resource as it is continuously available and won't be depleted in the future.

Which of the following product is solid petroleum?

A

Petrol

B

Paraffin wax

C

Asphalt

D

Coke

View Answer

Among the following options, Paraffin wax is solid petroleum. It is a soft colourless solid derived from petroleum, coal or shale oil that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms. 

Thus, option B is correct.

Exhaustible natural resources are:

A

unlimited in quantity

B

not dependent on nature

C

limited in quantity

D

not exhausted by human activities

View Answer

Exhaustible natural resources are limited in quantity as their rate of consumption is more than the rate of replenishment.

Which of the following statements is correct?

A

LPG is a mixture of butane and propane.

B

LPG is liquefied methane.

C

LPG is liquefied propane.

D

LPG is a mixture of methane and ethane.

View Answer

Liquified petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas (LPG or LP gas), also referred to as simply propane or butane are flammable mixtures of hydrocarbon gases used as fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipments and vehicles. LPG is a mixture of mainly liquefied butane and propane.

The petroleum product used as fuel for stoves, lamps and jet aircraft is :

A

kerosene

B

petrol

C

diesel

D

None of these

View Answer

The petroleum product used as fuel for stoves, lamps and jet aircraft is kerosene.

Hence the correct option is A.

Which of the following products obtained by destructive distillation of coal, is not properly matched?

A

Coal tar - dyes, explosives, paints

B

Coal gas - fuel

C

Coke - drinking purposes

D

Ammoniacal liquor - fertilizers

View Answer

Coke obtained by destructive distillation of coal is not used for drinking purposes. But it is largely used as a reducing agent in the extraction of metals from their ores.

Which one of the following is less polluting fuel?

A

Natural gas

B

Coal

C

Kerosene

D

Petrol

View Answer

On burning natural gas it does not produce harmful gases, hence it is less polluting fuel.

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