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Important questions on Biodiversity Conservation

Wild life (protection) Act, 1972 includes which of the following objectives?

A

Restriction and Prohibition on hunting of animals.

B

Setting up and managing sanctuaries and National Parks.

C

Protection of specified plants.

D

All of the above.

View Answer

The Wildlife Act was passed in 1972 to protect the wildlife and their habitats. The major activities and provisions in the act can be summed up as follows: 
1. It defines the wildlife related terminology. 
2. Enactment of an All India Wildlife Protection Act (1972). 
3. It provides for the appointment of wildlife advisory Board, Wildlife warden, their powers, duties etc. 
4. Becoming a party to the Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES, 1976). 
5. Launching a national component of UNESCOs Man and Biosphere Programme (1971). 
6. Under the Act, comprehensive listing of endangered wildlife species was done for the first time and prohibition of hunting of the endangered species was mentioned. 
7. Protection to some endangered plants. 
8. The Act provides for setting up of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries etc. 
9. The Act provides for the constitution of Central Zoo Authority. 
10. There is provision for trade and commerce in some wildlife species with license for sale, possession, transfer etc.
11. The act imposes a ban on the trade or commerce in scheduled animals. 
12. It provides for legal powers to officers and punishment to offenders.
Therefore, the correct answer is option D.

Convention on Biological Diversity" is also denoted by which among the following?

A

COP 10

B

COP 11

C

COP 12

D

COP 15

View Answer

Biogas is a result of ______

A

Anaerobic process

B

Aerobic process

C

Chemical agents

D

Mechanical process

View Answer

Biogas constitutes 50-80% methane and rest carbon dioxide. Methane is produced by anaerobic degradation of organic matter. 

Wildlife protection act was enacted in India in 

A

1947

B

1962

C

1972

D

1992

View Answer

The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants.
Therefore, the correct answer is option C.

Which of the following bird has gained importance as wild life in recent year?

A

Phesant

B

Egret

C

Indian bustard

D

Pelican

View Answer

Wildlife is the most important natural resorce which needs to be conserved. The great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) or Indian bustard is a bustard that can be traced in India and the adjoining regions of Pakistan. It is characterized by a horizontal body and long bare legs giving it an ostrich-like appearance, this bird is among the heaviest of the flying birds. Once common on the dry plains of the Indian subcontinent, as few as 250 individuals were estimated in 2011 to survive and the species is critically endangered by hunting and loss of its habitat, which consists of large expanses of dry grassland and scrub. These birds are often found associated in the same habitat as blackbuck. In Rajasthan, the largest stronghold of the 'Great Indian Bustard', became the first state to announce a plan to recover its critically endangered state bird.
So, the correct answer is option C.

The environment as a self sustaining system is mainly preserved by 

A

Man

B

Animals

C

Trees

D

Wild life

View Answer

Environment is preserved as a self-sustaining system by wildlife. Wildlife includes various living organism which are interdependent on each other and able to meet the basic requirement for survival.

If at high altitudes, birds become rare, the plants likely to disappear are

A

Pine

B

Orchids

C

Oak

D

Rhododendrons

View Answer

Rhododendron is mostly distributed at higher elevations in the Sino-Himalayan region with maximum concentration in Western China. In India, the species are mostly confined to the Himalayan region, particularly in eastern Himalaya. The maximum numbers of Rhododendron are present in the 3001-3500 m altitudes and absent in less than 500 m. Rhododendrons possess large red tubular-campanulate flowers that produce copious amounts of nectar and is pollinated by birds. So, in the absence of birds, they can not pollinate and will be disappeared.

Some animals and plants survive only in certain conditions. Now-a-days, human activities cause damage to these conditions. What do you think about this?

View Answer

Some animals have adapted their bodies to live more successfully in their habitats. Like polar bears have a thicker layer of fat to survive the extreme winters. But due to human activities like deforestation, chemical production, etc. many animals are not only facing habitat loss but also are unable to survive the changes that are taking in their natural habitat. Like for eg., the increasing temperature in the polar regions due to global warming has caused a lot of inconvenience for the polar bears. Human beings should stop this destruction before it's too late and there is no other way to protect these organisms.

Best method to preserve the wild relatives of plants is

A

By growing them in natural habitats

B

Gene library

C

By storing seeds

D

Cryopreservation

View Answer

The genetic material from wild varieties can be preserved either in gene banks or in-situ preservation. Gene bank saves the genes and other regenerative material from a wide range of plants. In-situ, is the preservation of wild variety of plants in the fields and forests where they grow. Thu, the correct answer is option A.

Which are the broadly utilatrian area of biodiversity?

View Answer

Biodiversity represents the variety and differences among all living organism from various sources such as marine, aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem. The need for conserving the biodiversity arises due to two primary reasons: narrow utilitarian and broadly utilitarian of biodiversity. Broadly utilitarian area of biodiversity includes amazon forest that provides approximately twenty percent of the total oxygen to the atmosphere. It also provides pollinators such as birds, bee and bats that help in the pollination process of plants.

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