The CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education) conducts examinations at the end of Class 10 and Class 12. It is one of the most extensive school boards in the world and covers around 16,000 schools in India, as well as, a small number in another 23 countries.
Apart from major school examinations, the CBSE also conducts most of the major national level competitive exams in the country. This list keeps on getting bigger, with the latest entrant being the UGC NET exam.
CBSE is considered to be tougher than state boards, but not only is it more student friendly, it is also considered by many to be richer in educational content. CBSE is especially beneficial to those who wish to pursue higher education in nationalized institutions, over state institutions. The CBSE curriculum will definitely help if you plan on pursuing further education from a centralized institution like an IIT or AIIMS. The preliminary exams for these institutions are organised by CBSE, therefore, doing your primary and secondary schooling in CBSE will give you an edge over the competition.
Can’t decide between CBSE, ICSE or another board? Understand the pros and cons of both before you make your choice, read this.here.
- Electric Charges and Fields
- Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
- Current Electricity
Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism
- Moving Charges and Magnetism
- Magnetism and Matter
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
- Electromagnetic Induction
- Alternating Current
- Electromagnetic Waves
- Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
- Wave Optics
Dual Nature of Matter
- Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Atoms and Nuclei
- Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
- Communication Systems
- Reproduction in Organisms
- Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
- Human Reproduction
- Reproductive Health
Genetics and Evolution
- Principles of Inheritance and Variation
- Molecular Basis of Inheritance
Biology and Human Welfare
- Human Health and Diseases
- Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
- Microbes in Human Welfare
Biotechnology and its Applications
- Biotechnology: Principles and its Application
- Biotechnology and its Applications
Ecology and Environment
- Organism and Populations
- Biodiversity and its Conservation
- Environmental Issues
- 01. Solid State
- 02. Solutions
- 03. Electrochemistry
- 04. Chemical Kinetics
- 05. Surface Chemistry
- 06. Isolation of Elements
- 07. P Block Elements
- 08. D and F Block Elements
- 09. Coordination Compounds
- 10. Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
- 11. Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
- 12. Aldehydes, Ketons and Carboxylic Acids
- 13. Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
- 14. Biomolecules
- 15. Polymers
- 16. Chemistry in Everyday Life
Relations and Functions
- Relations and Functions
- Inverse Trigonometric Functions
- Continuity and Differentiability
- Application of Derivatives
- Applications of the Integrals
- Differential Equations
Vectors and 3D Geometry
- Three-dimensional Geometry
- 05. Linear Programming
- 06. Probability
- 01. Unit 1: Object Oriented Programming with Python
- 02. Unit 2: Advanced Programming with Python
- 03. Unit 3: Database Management System and SQL
- 04. Unit 4: Boolean Algebra
- 05. Unit 5: Communication Technologies
- 01. Reading Comprehension
- 02. Writing Skills
- 03. Literature and Long Reading Text
- 01. Two Experiments (One from Each Section)
- 02. Practical Record (Experiments and Activities)
- 03. Investigatory Project
- 04. Viva on Experiments, Activities and Project
- 01. One Major Experiment from Part A
- 02. One Minor Experiment from Part A
- 03. Slide Preparation from Part A
- 04. Spotting
- 05. Practical Record + Viva Voce
- 06. Project Record + Viva Voce
- 01. Volumetric Analysis
- 02. Salt Analysis
- 03. Content Based Experiment
- 04. Project Work
- 05. Class Record and Viva
- 01. Programming in C++
- 02. SQL Commands
- 03. Project Work
Performing Arts (Music, Drama, Dance, visual arts, fine arts, work experience, physical education)
The syllabus is divided into three sections:
- Section A – Vocal Music
- Section B – Instrumental Music
- Section C – Tabla
- Health and Hygiene
- First Aid in two of the following team games: Cricket, Football, Handball, Hockey, Basketball, Volleyball and Softball
- Internal Assessment
- Caring for our Basic Resources
- Resources and Use of Appropriate Eco-Friendly Technologies
- Initiatives I Can Take
- The Nervous System
- The Excretory System
- The Circulatory System
- The Important Endocrine Glands
Candidates are to write notes on the lives and teachings of the following: Vyasa, Yagnavalkya, Chaitanya, Narsi Mehta, Jnaneshwa and Purandardas.
The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali.
- The Four Padas
- The Five Vrittis
- The Five Kleshas
- The Obstacles
- The Virtues
- The Shudripus
- Abyasa and Vairagya
- Important Schools of Indian Philosophy and Some Slokas
- Hetrodox Philosophies
- Five Important Slokas
Comprehension and Composition
- Present and Past Forms
- Simple and Continuous Forms
- Perfect Forms
- Future Time Reference
- Active and Passive Voice
- Subject-Verb Concord
- Non-Finite Verb Forms (Infinitives and Participles)
- Types of Sentences
- Affirmative, Negative and Interrogative Sentences
- Types of Phrases and Clauses
- Indirect Speech
- 01. Reading Comprehension
- 02. Letter Writing
- 03. Notice Writing
- 04. Report Writing
- 05. Essay Writing
- 06. Paragraph Writing
Chemical Substances: Nature and Behaviour
- Chemical Reactions
- Acids, Bases, Salts
- Metals and Non-metals
- Carbon Compounds
- Periodic Classification of Elements
World of Living
- Life Processes
- Control and Co-ordination in Animals and Plants
- Heredity and Evolution
- 03. Natural Phenomena
- 04. Effects of Current
- Sources of Energy
- Our Environment
- Management of Natural Resources
India and the Contemporary World II
- Rise of Nationalism in Europe
- The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China
- Nationalism in India
- The Making of Global World
- The Age of Industrialisation
- Work, Life and Leisure
- Print Culture and the Modern World
- Novels, Society and History
Contemporary India II
- Resources and Development
- Water Resources
- Minerals and Energy Resources
- Manufacturing Industries
- Lifelines of National Economy
Democratic Politics II
- Power Sharing and Federalism
- Democracy, Diversity and Gender, Religion and Caste
- Popular Struggles and Movements
- Political Parties
- Outcomes of Democracy
Understanding Economic Development
- Sectors of Indian Economy
- Money and Credit
- Globalisation and Indian Economy
- Consumer Rights
- 01. Development
- 02. Sectors of the Indian Economy
- 03. Money and Credit
- 04. Globalisation and the Indian Economy
- 05. Consumer Rights
- 01. Power Sharing
- 02. Federalism
- 03. Democracy and Diversity
- 04. Gender, Religion and Caste
- 05. Popular Struggles and Movement
- 06. Political Parties
- 07. Outcomes of Democracy
- 08. Challenges of Democracy
- 01. Resources and Development
- 02. Forest and Wild Life Resources
- 03. Water Resources
- 04. Agriculture
- 05. Minerals and Energy Resources
- 06. Manufacturing Industries
- 07. Lifelines of National Economy
- 01. Real Numbers
- 02. Polynomials
- 03. Pairs of Linear Equation in Two Variables
- 04. Quadratic Equations
- 05. Arithmetic Progressions
- 06. Triangles
- 07. Coordinate Geometry
- 08. Introduction to Trigonometry
- 09. Some Applications of Trigonometry
- 10. Polynomials – Remainder and Factor Theorem
- 11. Circles
- 12. Constructions
- 13. Areas Related to Circle
- 14. Surface Areas and Volumes
- 15. Statistics
- 16. Probability
Question wise split
|Type of Question||Mark(s) per Question||Total No. of Questions||Total Marks|
|SA – I||2||5||10|
|SA – II||3||12||36|
- 1. Internal Choice: There is no overall choice in the paper. However, there is an internal choice in one question worth 2 marks, one question worth 3 marks and all three questions worth 5 marks.
- 2. The above template is only a sample. Suitable internal variations may be made for generating similar templates, keeping the overall weightage of different forms of questions and typology of questions same.
- 3. The above split of questions is applicable for Physics, Chemistry and Biology
Exam Pattern and Grading System
Scheme of Examination
The scheme of the board examination will be as follows:
- The CBSE board will conduct the examination as per the prescribed syllabus.
- The examination would be conducted in theory as well as in practicals. Depending upon the nature of the subject(s), the allotted marks or grades shall be as prescribed in the curriculum.
- The marks or grades shall be awarded for individual subjects and aggregate marks shall not be given.
- The assessment of theory or practical papers in external subjects shall be in numerical scores. In addition, the board shall indicate grades in the mark sheets issued to the candidates for subjects of external examinations.
- The qualifying marks in each subject for external examinations shall be 33% at the Secondary or Senior School Certificate Examinations. For a subject involving practical work in the latter, a candidate must obtain 33% marks in theory and 33% in the practical separately, in order to qualify.
The Board shall classify all passing students in rank order and then award grades as follows:
- A1 : Top 1/8th of the passing candidates
- A2 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
- B1 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
- B2 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
- C1 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
- C2 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
- D1 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
- D2 : Next 1/8th of the passing candidates
- E : Failed candidates
Pass Criteria (Senior School Certificate Examination)
- A candidate will be eligible to receive his or her Passing Certificate from the board only if he or she gets a grade higher than E in all subjects of internal assessment, unless exempted. Failing this, result of the external examination will be withheld, but not for a period of more than one year.
- In order to be declared as having passed the examination, a candidate has to obtain a grade higher than E (i.e. at least 33% marks) in all five subjects of external examination, main or compartmental. The passing percentage in each subject of external examination shall be 33%. In case a subject involves practical work, the candidate must obtain 33% marks in theory and 33% marks in practical separately; in addition to an aggregate of 33% in order to qualify in that subject.
- No overall division, distinction or aggregate shall be awarded.
For candidates who have been offered an additional subject, the following norms shall apply:
- A language offered as an additional subject may replace a language in the event of a candidate failing in the same, provided the candidate has English or Hindi as one of the languages after replacement.
- An elective subject offered as an additional subject may replace one of the elective subjects offered by the candidate. It may also replace a language, provided the candidate has English or Hindi as one of the languages after replacement.
- Additional language offered at elective level may replace an elective subject provided after replacement. The number of languages offered however, shall not exceed two.
- Candidates exempted from one or more subjects of internal examination shall be eligible for appearing in the external examination and their result shall be declared, subject to the fulfilment of other conditions laid down in the passing criteria.
Eligibility for Compartment in Senior School Certificate Examination
A candidate failing in one of the five subjects of external examination shall be placed in compartment in that subject, provided he or she qualifies in all the subjects of internal assessment.
Range of Marks
|RANGE OF MARKS||GRADE|
|91 – 100||A1|
|81 – 90||A2|
|71 – 80||B1|
|61 – 70||B2|
|51 – 60||C1|
|41 – 50||C2|
|33 – 40||D|
|21 – 32||E1|
|0 – 20||E2|
- Maths: First Term: 3 Hours, 90 Marks
- Maths: Second Term: 3 Hours, 90 Marks
- Science: First Term: 3 Hours, 90 Marks
- Science: Second Term: 3 Hours, 90 Marks
- English: 3 Hours, 100 Marks
- Hindi A: 3 Hours, 100 Marks
- Hindi B: 3 Hours, 100 Marks
Preparing for your examination in the best possible manner is the key to scoring good well in Boards. You need to know what to study, how to study, how to manage time and where to look for references. Below is a list of subject-wise pointers for your preparation.
Below is a list of subject wise pointers for your preparations:
- Mathematics is a very practical subject. The best way to learn it is by practicing the problems. No matter how clear a method seems to be, there will definitely be issues when using that method to solve a problem. It is highly recommended that problems be practised till good confidence is achieved.
Being one of the most dreaded subjects among students, it is important that you spend more time on working out problems you’re weak at. Divide time for each unit, depending on the total number of marks, and your level of proficiency in it. Students tend to keep practising areas where they perform relatively well. Although this does no harm, it is advisable that you spend more time on your weak areas. Besides that, focusing on important topics, such as those given below, will definitely help:
- Elementary Transformation to Find the Inverse of a Square Matrix
- Properties of Determinants
- Matrix Method
- Limit of Sum
- Properties of Definite Integrals
- Application of Integrals
- Concept of Line and Plane in 3D
- Linear Programming
- Bayes’ Theorem
- Maxima and Minima Application Problems
- During the exam it is important that you utilise the 15-minute cooling time to read the question paper carefully. This is especially important for questions on Probability. While they can be tricky, you can score marks easily, if you concentrate. Attempt the sections that carry more weightage/marks first.
- This is one of the easy-to-score subjects in the board exams. All you need to do is remember biological terms, practise diagrams and be thorough with different processes. Listen carefully in school and make correct notes as this can facilitate your preparation during exams. Biology course content can be serious and may need multiple readings due to its theoretical nature. Using flash cards can be a good memory retention technique.
- Practice derivations at least 3 times. Give special attention to Electrostatics, Magnetism and Optics as they might prove to be invaluable.
- Solve at least 3 sample question papers on the basis of the derivations you’ve learned. This will give you an idea about where you’re going wrong and how you could improve.
- Attempt as many conceptual questions on those derivations as you can. This will give you a better understanding of the subject.
- Look for new questions on similar context from previous year’s question papers, sample papers and other model test papers.
- Always time yourself while solving sample papers as it will help you better manage time during the exam.
- Revise the notes you’ve prepared throughout the year. They will help you memorize the subject in a systematic way.
- Make a note of various formulae and stick them on a wall or your study table. Try to read and memorise them every time you pass them.
- Focus on the basics of important topics like P, D and F Block Elements.
- Study Raoult’s Law, Adsorption Isotherm, Nernst Equation, Molar Mass Determination, Packing Fraction etc. as they contain important and frequently asked questions.
- Solve at least 1 sample question from the numerical topics you’ve learnt. This will give you an idea about where you’re going wrong and how you could improve.
- For Organics, revise few important and famous reactions like Cannizzaro, Aldol, Hoffmann, Friedel Crafts Reaction etc.
- Pay attention to your grammar, especially tenses, as English is more about expressing correctly than mugging up efficiently.
- English: Read your text well. Be thorough with your grammar and writing skills, as those are sections where you can lose maximum marks. That should be sufficient.
- Chemistry: This subject is basic. Just read chapters from the book. Learn new definitions, definitions, etc. and solve some numericals from the end of each chapter.
- Physics: This subject and its numerical problems require more practice. Learn definitions of various units of measurements and make sure you understand the causes of various phenomena mentioned in the textbook.
- Biology: Familiarize yourself with the various terminologies and concepts in the textbook. You can also use some reference books to better understand them.
- Maths: This is the most practice-oriented subject in your curriculum. Make sure you study well, understand concepts and then put in lots of practice. To study, NCERT is sufficient. It is also very important to practice previous years’ papers as you’ll need to learn how to write formal proofs. Be very careful with this because proofs generally cost a lot of marks in the geometry section.
- Hindi: This is the scoring part of your curriculum. Be very thorough with semantics and practice writing daily. If these two are accomplished, the rest is very easy.
- 01. NCERT Textbook
- 02. NCERT Solution by Arihant
- 03. Pradeep’s Fundamental Physics
- 04. H.C. Verma
- 01. NCERT Textbook
- 02. Solution Book by Arihant
- 01. NCERT Textbook
- 02. NCERT Solutions by Arihant
- 03. Pradeep VS Modern ABC for Chemistry
- 01. NCERT Textbook
- 02. NCERT Solutions by Arihant
- 03. R.S. Agarwal
- 04. R.D. Sharma
- Science: Textbook for Class X: NCERT Publication
- India and the Contemporary World II (History): Published by NCERT
- Contemporary India – II (Geography): Published by NCERT
- Democratic Politics – II (Political Science): Published by NCERT
- Understanding Economic Development: Published by NCERT
- Hindi (Just school material will suffice)
- For English, the textbook is sufficient
- Assessment of Practical Skills in Science: Class X: CBSE Publication
- Laboratory Manual: Science, Class X: NCERT Publication
- Exemplar Problems: NCERT Publication
- Together Towards a Safer India Part III, a textbook on Disaster Management : Published by CBSE
Previous Years’ Papers
Practising model papers is important, as this helps you simulate the real exam. Make sure that you practice regularly so that you can learn all formulae by heart and solve problems easily on the day of the exam.
Students in Class 12 can view previous years’ papers here
Students in Class 10 can do the same here
Asking doubts and getting them cleared are important while preparing for exams. Toppr brings you a community that has survived the test of time and wants to help out students like you. You can also discuss your doubts with our community of students and experts.
Students in Class 12 can ask their doubts here
Students in Class 10 can ask their doubts here
The following is the list of competitive exams you can take part in to test your skills:
- JEE Main: This exam helps students secure admission to National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) and Centrally Funded Technical Institutes (CFTIs); as well as for admission to the dual degree programme of IIEST Shibpur. The exam is conducted mostly between the first and second weeks of April.
- JEE Advanced: This exam helps students secure admission to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). Only those students who clear JEE Main are eligible for appearing in JEE Advanced. Over 200,000 students are selected each year. The exam is conducted during the last week of May.
- BITSAT: BITS Admission Test or BITSAT is a computer-based online exam that helps students secure admission to the Integrated degree programmes of Birla Institute of Technology and Science at its Pilani and Goa campuses. The online exam generally takes place between the second and third weeks of April.
- UPSEE: The U.P. State Entrance Examination is a state-level engineering examination in Uttar Pradesh. It is conducted during the third week of April.
- EAMCET: Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test, commonly called as EAMCET, is an entrance examination that helps students secure admission to some engineering and medical colleges in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, India. Many other colleges offering graduation courses like BDS, B.Pharm., BSc., Pharm.D., B.E., B.Tech. etc. require qualification in this exam, which is conducted during the last week of May.
- MHT-CET: The Common Entrance Test is conducted by the Government of Maharashtra for admission to Full Time Degree Courses of Health Sciences (M.B.B.S., B.D.S., B.A.M.S., B.H.M.S., B.U.M.S., B.P.Th., B.O.Th., B.A.S.L.P., B.P.&O., B.Sc. Nursing, B.V.Sc. and A.H.) and Technical Education (Engineering and Technology, Pharmacy and Pharm.D.). It generally takes place during the first week of May.
- NEET: The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET-UG is an entrance examination in India for students who wish to study any graduate medical course (MBBS), dental course (BDS) or postgraduate course (MD/MS) in government or private medical colleges in India. The exam is conducted in 2 phases: Phase 1 is held during the first week of May and Phase 2, during the last week of July.
- AIIMS: The All India Institute of Medical Sciences is one India’s top ranked medical institute with a limited number of seats and is hence very competitive. Separate exams are conducted for different courses during the month of May and June, after which counselling takes place.
- AFMC: The Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) is a medical college in Pune, in the state of Maharashtra. This college is managed by the Indian Armed Forces. Admission to its MBBS course is on the basis of a student’s NEET score, followed by an interview and then the final selection.
- JIPMER: The Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) is a medical school, located in Pondicherry. It is a two and half hour online exam conducted during 1st week of June.
Other Competitive Exams
- Olympiads (IMO, NSO, UCO, IOM, IOS, NCO, IESO, etc.): There are several Olympiads organized by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and IEO. Held annually, these Olympiads are considered very tricky for students. To name a few: National Cyber Olympiad, National Science Olympiad, National Mathematical Olympiad, National Merit Scholarship Scheme.
- NEST (Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test): At least 20 scholarships worth Rs.25,000 each are provided to 20 toppers in the test. Certificates are provided to those who score more than 40%.
- SAT: SAT (technically known as the SAT I) is a general test of verbal and quantitative reasoning accepted for U. S. college admissions. This test is required for admission to undergraduate programs in most US universities. Many universities also require you to take the SAT II test.
- KVPY: The KVPY fellowship/scholarship programme, funded by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, is held to attract and motivate students across the country to pursue basic science education and a career in research.
- COMEDK: COMEDK stands for Consortium of Medical, Engineering and Dental colleges of Karnataka and is a state-level entrance test, floated by the Associations of Medical, Dental and Engineering private colleges for admissions to member institutions. Post results, the first round of the counselling process is held according to the COMEDK counselling schedule
- VITEEE: VIT University conducts the VIT Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE) for granting students admission to the various undergraduate engineering programmes. Admissions to its two campuses, in Chennai and Vellore, will be purely on the basis of the marks secured in the VITEEE exam.
The following is the list of competitive exams you can take part in to test your skills:
- NTSE: The National Talent Search Examination is conducted in two stages. Students who qualify in the second stage are eligible for a scholarship. The scholarship amounts stand at Rs.1250 per month for students in Classes 11 and 12 and Rs.2000 per month for students pursuing undergraduate or higher courses.
- NLSTSE: National Level Science Talent Search Examination is a diagnostic test that helps students improve their overall learning ability and educational performance. Unlike other tests which may only discover how much a student knows or has memorised, NSTSE measures how well a student has understood concepts. NSTSE helps students know whether they’ve understood concepts at an early stage, so that immediate action can be taken to correct aberrations and pave the path for improvement. Students often develop conceptual gaps which keep increasing as they go to higher classes; giving rise to a ‘phobia’ for the subject.
- NEST: Scholarships worth Rs. 25,000 each are provided to the top 20 applicants in the Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test. Certificates are also given out to those who score more than 40%.
- NIMO: The EduHeal Foundation conducts the National Interactive Maths Olympiad (NIMO) which promises to make Math more fun. It aims to do this by introducing interactive activities like interactive Olympiads, workshops and seminars.
- NBTO: The National Biotechnology Olympiad is creating awareness about Biotechnology and bringing in an element of challenge and competition in students. It is also inspiring the younger generation to enhance their knowledge about Biotechnology and test their aptitude for future careers in Biotechnology.
- GeoGenius: Established by leading academicians, GeoGenius aims to popularize the understanding of Geography among school children and increase public awareness on the topic. It also endeavours to educate children about the earth and inculcate a deep love and respect for the environment, which plays a major role in their progress.
- ASSET The Assessment of Scholastic Skills through Educational Testing is a scientifically designed, skill-based assessment test. Rather than testing rote learning, through multiple-choice questioning, it focuses on measuring how well school students learn skills and concepts in their syllabus. The test also provides information on the strengths and weaknesses of both individual students and entire classes.
- NSTSE: Unlike other tests which may only assess how much a student knows or has memorized, the National Level Science Talent Search Examination measures how well a student has understood concepts and provides a detailed feedback on the same, to help him or her improve.
- IJSO: This is a competitive examination open to students primarily studying in secondary schools from all countries in the world. All basic subjects like Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics) are given roughly equal representation in this exam.
- Silverzone Olympiads: It is a school level competitive exam conducted for Classes 1 to 9 in various subjects including Mathematics, English, French, General Knowledge, Informatics etc.
- Science Olympiad Foundation: There are several Olympiads organized by the Science Olympiad Foundation (SOF) such as IMO, NCO, NSO and IEO. These Olympiads are held annually and are considered very tricky for students.
Junior Science Olympiad: This program follows the following 5 stages:
- Stage I: National Standard Examination in Junior Science (NSEJS)
- Stage II: Indian National Junior Science Olympiad (INJSO)
- Stage III: Orientation cum Selection Camp (OCSC) in Junior Science
- Stage IV: Pre-departure Training Camp (PDT) for IJSO
- Stage V: Participation in International Junior Science Olympiad (IJSO)