Assessment is the process of gathering data and analyzing information related to the performance of a student. Also, it is a key element of education and teaching. It involves collecting Data and using it to improve student’s performance. Assessment measures the skills of students and works on improving it. Furthermore, teachers conduct an assessment and they must understand the reason for it.
Perspective Of Assessment
Assessment strategies are methods used by teachers to collect data about students. The main assessment strategies are as follows:
Observation- Here the teachers observe the students. Teachers focus on one individual or the group as a whole. Teachers understand the behavior, skill, and attitude of a student by carefully observing him.
Performance Assessment- Here teachers give students tasks similar to real-life tasks. Students must use skills and knowledge to complete these tasks. It involves a realistic setting because of adult life scenario
Open-Ended Assessment- The students in this strategy try to give an original response to a challenge because this response should be unique. Teacher makes this challenge and poses it to the student.
Selected Response Assessment- These tests take place on a single occasion. They show a student’s knowledge about something specific.
Portfolios- This is another strategy in which collection of a student’s work happens in an organized manner. This is a continuous process and it shows the growth of the student.
Rubrics- These are sets of criteria used for rating student’s performance. Both the teachers and students can make rubrics.
Benchmarks- Benchmarks are samples of a student’s work. It is the standard to judge other student samples.
Checklists- These are lists which contain information, attributes, and skills of students.
Anecdotal Records- These are brief, written notes about students after observing them. The notes are nicely organized and then analyzed.
Continuums-The early stages of learning appear in a visual manner and these representations are continuums. Hence they show where a student is in a process.
Benefits of Effective Assessment for Students
- Know how to improve and work on it.
- Evaluate and analyze their learning.
- Express personal point of views and they may differ from others.
- Share their thoughts and beliefs with other students.
- Show everyone their knowledge and skills.
- Use many different types of learning styles.
- Base their learning in real life situations.
- Know before-hand what to do and how to give a good performance.
- Finally, effective assessment let students plan their future.
Benefits of Effective Assessment for Teachers
- Inform every stage of the learning process.
- Make good plans before-hand to help a student and to give him wise advice.
- Discover the knowledge, skills, and behavior of any student.
- Provide results in a way that everyone in the community can understand. So teachers prepare results in a way that a common person can understand.
- Tell students about the different types of learning styles.
- Review a student’s performance efficiently.