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BITS Hyderabad: All You Need To Know

The Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, is one of the most prestigious engineering colleges in India, second only to the topmost IITs. Every year, a number of students decide to go to BITS Pilani rather than attend the IITs. The Hyderabad campus of BITS Pilani was founded in 2008. In this article, find all you need to know about BITS Hyderabad!


Unlike most other engineering colleges of the country, admission to BITS Hyderabad is not through the JEE Mains or Advanced. Instead, an examination called the BITSAT is conducted for admission to the 4 campuses – Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad and Dubai.

The BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test) is an online test conducted over a span of 2 weeks in May. The subjects tested are Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and English and Logical Reasoning. It is a 3 hour examination with a total of 150 questions. A marking scheme of +3, -1 (+3 marks for every correct answer, a penalty of 1 mark for every wrong answer). The breakup of the questions is as follows:

Subject Number of Questions
Physics 40
Chemistry 40
Mathematics 45
English 15
Logical Reasoning 10

If a candidate answers all questions within 3 hours, s/he will be provided with 12 extra questions (4 each from Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics). Therefore, theoretically, a candidate can have a score of more than 450 (150 questions of 3 marks each).

BITS also provides direct admission to the toppers of the central and state boards to the program of their choice. PCM candidates can apply for the engineering programmes, while PCB candidates can apply for the B.Pharm programme.

The following are the programmes offered at BITS Hyderabad:

  1. B.E Chemical
  2. B.E Civil
  3. B.E Computer Science
  4. B.E Electronics and Communications
  5. B.E Electronics and Instrumentation
  6. B.E Mechanical
  7. B.E Manufacturing
  8. B.Pharm
  9. M.Sc Biological Sciences
  10. M.Sc Chemistry
  11. M.Sc Economics
  12. M.Sc Mathematics
  13. M.Sc Physics

BITS is a private university and has no reservation of any kind. Admission is purely merit based, and depends upon the performance of the candidates in the BITSAT and their respective board examinations (a minimum performance in the 12th standard board examination is required) in order to be eligible.

BITSAT cutoff  (For the Hyderabad Campus)

The cutoffs to the various programmes were:

Programme Cutoff (BITSAT 2016 Score)
B.E Chemical 298
B.E Civil 303
B.E Electrical and Electronics 324
B.E Mechanical 316
B.E Computer Science 347
B.E Electronics and Communication 332
B.E Electronics and Instrumentation 313
B.E Manufacturing 298
B.Pharm 224
M.Sc Biological Sciences 296
M.Sc Chemistry 299
M.Sc Economics 310
M.Sc Mathematics 307
M.Sc Physics 304

Degree Program 2015 cutoff Score
B. E. Hons. (Mechanical) 315
B. E. Hons. (Chemical) 296
B. E. Hons. (Civil) 303
B. E. Hons. (Manufacturing) 296
B. E. Hons. (Computer Science) 339
B. E. Hons. (Electrical & Electronics) 318
B. E. Hons. (Electronics & Instrumentation) 311
B. E. Hons. (Electronics & Communication) 326


The 3 campuses of BITS are usually ranked as: Pilani, Goa, and Hyderabad. This has a lot to do with the age of each campus (Pilani being the oldest and Hyderabad being the newest). However, there is no separate ranking for BITS Hyderabad, but instead, a common rank is given to the BITS institution as a whole. As per the NIRF (National Institutional Ranking Framework) rankings of 2017, they secured the 16th rank.


BITS Hyderabad has one of the most beautiful college campuses in India. It is planned for this to become the largest BITS campus. One drawback, however, is the distance from the main city of Hyderabad-27 km.

BITS Pilani, Hyderabad campus has been equipped with the latest technology, which reflects in the labs, classrooms, and hostels. All hostels are single occupancy, right from the first year onwards. They are equipped with other basic facilities, such as 24×7 WiFi, TVs, TT tables, chess boards, etc. There are 6 hostels for boys and 2 for girls.

The campus also has other basic facilities like sports grounds (football, tennis, etc), a bank, clinic, computer centre, etc.


A highlight of BITS is that students can determine their own timetables and choose their own electives. Another major highlight is the fact that BITS does not care about attendance. It puts the responsibility on the student to learn, rather than forcing students to attend classes. This is a double-edged sword, though: it gives freedom, but excessive absence might not be good for the final grades.

The third major highlight of the BITS system is Practice School. Practice School is a concept where students take a semester off to pursue internships in industry. While in other colleges this is optional, and taken only by a few students, here it is part of the curriculum.

BITS Pilani Hyderabad – Fee Structure


Particulars Amount
Caution Money (One Time, Refundable) ₹3,000
One Time Fees ₹32,300
Tuition Fee (per Semester) ₹1,36,000
Other Fees (per Semester) ₹12,000
Annual Fees ₹675
Total ₹1,83,975


Particulars Amount
Hostel Fees (per Semester) ₹14,000
Mess & Electricity Advance (per Semester) ₹10,000
Total ₹24,000


BITS Hyderabad has 3 fests: Atmos, the Techno-Management fest; Pearl, the Cultural Fest; and Arena, the sports fest.

Atmos is an acronym of Assimilation of Technically Motivated Souls. Started in 2012, it has grown considerably in the last few years, with sponsors like Coca-Cola, Uninor, Hero Motocorp and Redbull helping them build the brand. It is conducted in October.

Some of the events include:

  1. Coding Competitions: These include CodeJam, where teams of 2 are judged for their mathematical ability and their understanding and implementation of algorithms; Reverse Coding, where contestants must figure out what a program does by observing its output; and Algomaniac, where the ability of the participants to solve logical problems and obtain the desired algorithms is tested.
  2. Robotics Events: These include iNavigate, where teams are required to build a manually controlled robot and guide it through a track; Law Follower, where contestants must build a line or wall follower bot; Maze Perilous, where teams have to guide their bot through a maze using camera feeds; and The Bot Shot, where the bots have to take the maximum number of coloured balls from their side to the opponents side of a pitch.
  3. Mean Machines: This includes Chem E-Car, where participants must build a car powered by a chemical energy source; RoboWars, which is a battle between robots built by the different teams; QuadCopter, in which a flying drone should be built and used to complete a number of tasks; and Mini GP, which is a RC car race.
  4. Deep Sciences: The events in this include Anatomy of Murder, which tests knowledge of theoretical and experimental biology; NCrypton, a cryptography contest, where the contestants must decipher simple encyrptions; Industrial Design, where participants have to solve industrial problems; Cubing Atmosphere, a Rubik’s cube solving competition conducted in association with the World Cube Association; and Chem Hunt, which test the practical chemistry knowledge of the participating teams.
  5. Finance and Management: This includes Suit Up, which test the business temperament of participants and also has a mock market; Manager’s Dilemma, in which the contestants must apply managerial knowledge to solve real-life problems in the domain of operations; and Case Study, where the teams will be provided with data about a company and will have to answer some questions about it.
  6. Quizzes: A number of quizzes are conducted in Atmos, such as a Sci-Tech quiz, Midnight AV quiz and Engima.
  7. Tech Expo: In this event, startups, companies, teams and individuals can present their ideas to a panel.
  8. Talks: Talks are conducted by eminent personalities such as Dr. Devi Shetty (founder of Narayana Health), R Vijay Kumar (CEO at Smart Andhra Pradesh Foundation), and Ravi Nawal (author, motivational speaker and alumnus of IIM-A).
  9. Workshops: A number of workshops are conducted in various fields such as PyBITS (Python workshop), Automobiles, Petroleum Refining, Internet of Things, Dreamworks, and RC Aircraft.

Pearl, the cultural fest of BITS Hyderabad, is conducted in March. Some of the events are:

  1. Headliners: This includes Glitterati, a fashion show; Fraglore, a LAN gaming competition; Terpsichore, a group dance competition; and Till Deaf Do We Part, a semi-pro band competition.
  2. Dance: This consists of 2 events, Soul’o, a western solo dance competition, and Abhivyaktika, a classical solo dance competition.
  3. VFx: This includes FX’ed (making creative visuals), Trailer Making Contest and Motion Poster Making.
  4. Shades: The events under Shades are Waste Smart (costume design), Masquerade (face painting), and Sketching.
  5. Movie: This includes vivdH ( a contest to showcase diversity), Kaleidoscope (short filmmaking competition, and Spoiler Alert.
  6. Music: The music events include Gandhaara, a classical music competition; Pearl Jam, a western music competition; and Jhankaar, a singing competition.
  7. Design: The design events include Cipher, a photoshop based puzzle event; Digital Art, which involves the creation of digital posters; and The Minimalist, where contestants must use the concepts of minimalism to create art.
  8. Journal: This includes Caption It, where captions are to be provided to videos or pictures; Football Manager, in which contestants have to build a team, compete, exchange players, and so on; Fourth Estate, which requires participants to make a short video based on a detailed analysis of a story; and Scribbler, where a story is to be converted to a set of newspaper articles, complete with illustrations.
  9. Dramatics: The dramatic events are Natyashastra, a stage play competition; Nukkad Natak, a street play competition; Mimic-On, a solo mime event; and Haha Hunt, a comedy event.
  10. Photog: The photography events include Retrospective, where photographers can showcase their art; Guess What, in which participants will be shown a number of photographs of different objects, each with only a small part visible, with the objective being to identify each object; and Expressions, which is a candid photography event.
  11. Literary: The literary events include Sherlocked, where contestants must solve a murder mystery; JAM or Just A Minute, which is a game which tests the presence of mind and elocution ability; Picture Perspective, which involves creating a story based on a picture; and Debate.
  12. Quiz: No fest is complete without quizzes, and Pearl has its fair share. There are a number of quizzes, such as General Quiz, Midnight AV Quiz, Biz-Sci-Tech Quiz, India Quiz, Entertainment Quiz, and Sports Quiz.
  13. Hindi Tarang: The Hindi events include Abhivyakti, a writing event; Antakshari, a singing game; and Youth Mahasabha.
  14. Pro Shows included shows by Sonu Nigam, Lagori and Zakir Khan.
  15. Talks were given by eminent personalities such as Shashi Tharoor, Anshu Mor (quit Microsoft to become a comedian) and General Bikram Singh.

Arena, the Sports fest of BITS Hyderabad, is held in January. Competitions are organised in 8 ball pool, athletics, badminton, basketball, bodybuilding, carrom, chess, duathlon, squash, etc.

BITS Pilani Hyderabad – Placements

The placements at BITS Hyderabad are quite good. 70% of the students get jobs above INR 6lpa, while 12% get jobs above INR 10lpa. Companies come from a variety of sectors, with IT being the largest recruiter, followed by electronics, manufacturing, and consultancy. Some of the popular companies are:

  1. Amazon Development Centre
  2. Adobe
  3. EA Games
  4. Ernst & Young
  5. Facebook
  6. Google
  7. IBM Research
  8. Microsoft Redmond
  9. nVIDIA
  10. Shell

Mode of Admissions

Exam Name Level of Exam
BITS HD University Level Exam/Admission
BITSAT National Level Exam/Admission


Conducted by the Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Higher Degree Exam (BITS HD) is the entrance test for admissions to M.E programmes offered across campuses of the institute located in Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad. Candidates must qualify for the entrance test to be considered for the admissions.

BITS HD Admission Test 2017 was held in online mode for all applicants on  May 13, 14 and 21, 2017. The test comprised of two sections – Test I and Test II will be held. Test II was not valid for applicants applying under Software System Programme as they had to appear for a special paper. The online tests were generated from a large question bank and different applicants were allotted different question sets. The medium of the examination was English.


Test I




1 Duration 60 Minutes
2 Total Number of Questions 60 Questions
3 Type of Questions Objective. MCQ
4 Sections
  • Core Mathematics
  • Core Physics
  • English Language Skills and Principles of Management
  • Computer Programming.
5 Marking Scheme 3 marks for each correct answer
6 Negative Marking Yes. 1 mark for each incorrect answer

Test II




1 Duration 120 Minutes
2 Number of Questions 100 Questions
3 Type of Questions Objective. MCQ
4 Others The student’s grasp of basic subjects of his/her discipline will be tested in this test.  The discipline courses of different degree programmes of BITS will be used to construct the questions.

Special Test for Software Systems 




1 Duration of the Examination 60 Minutes
2 Total Number of Questions 50 Questions
3 Type of Questions Objective. MCQ

Syllabus for BITSAT-2018

Part I: Physics

1. Units & Measurement
1.1 Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
1.2 Dimensional Analysis
1.3 Precision and significant figures
1.4 Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc)

2. Kinematics
2.1 Properties of vectors
2.2 Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
2.3 Motion with constant acceleration
2.4 Projectile motion
2.5 Uniform circular motion
2.6 Relative motion

3. Newton’s Laws of Motion
3.1 Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
3.2 Motion on an inclined plane
3.3 Motion of blocks with pulley systems
3.4 Circular motion – centripetal force
3.5 Inertial and non-inertial frames

4. Impulse and Momentum
4.1 Definition of impulse and momentum
4.2 Conservation of momentum
4.3 Collisions
4.4 Momentum of a system of particles
4.5 Center of mass

5. Work and Energy
5.1 Work done by a force
5.2 Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
5.3 Power
5.4 Conservative forces and potential energy
5.5 Conservation of mechanical energy

6. Rotational Motion
6.1 Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration)
6.2 Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
6.3 Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
6.4 Torque and angular momentum
6.5 Conservation of angular momentum
6.6 Rolling motion

7. Gravitation
7.1 Newton’s law of gravitation
7.2 Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
7.3 Motion of planets – Kepler’s laws, satellite motion

8. Mechanics of Solids and Fluids
8.1 Elasticity
8.2 Pressure, density and Archimedes’ principle
8.3 Viscosity and Surface Tension
8.4 Bernoulli’s theorem

9. Oscillations
9.1 Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
9.2 Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
9.3 Forced & damped oscillations, resonance

10. Waves
10.1 Progressive sinusoidal waves
10.2 Standing waves in strings and pipes
10.3 Superposition of waves, beats
10.4 Doppler Effect

11. Heat and Thermodynamics
11.1 Kinetic theory of gases
11.2 Thermal equilibrium and temperature
11.3 Specific heat, Heat Transfer – Conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Newton’s
law of cooling
11.4 Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
11.5 2nd law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance

12. Electrostatics
12.1 Coulomb’s law
12.2 Electric field (discrete and continuous charge distributions)
12.3 Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
12.4 Gauss’ law and its applications
12.5 Electric dipole
12.6 Capacitance and dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel)

13. Current Electricity
13.1 Ohm’s law, Joule heating
13.2 D.C circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws, potentiometer and Wheatstone
13.3 Electrical Resistance (Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity).

14. Magnetic Effect of Current
14.1 Biot-Savart’s law and its applications
14.2 Ampere’s law and its applications
14.3 Lorentz force, force on current carrying conductors in a magnetic field
14.4 Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion to
voltmeter and ammeter

15. Electromagnetic Induction
15.1 Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy currents
15.2 Self and mutual inductance
15.3 Transformers and generators
15.4 Alternating current (peak and rms value)
15.5 AC circuits, LCR circuits

16. Optics
16.1 Laws of reflection and refraction
16.2 Lenses and mirrors
16.3 Optical instruments – telescope and microscope
16.4 Interference – Huygen’s principle, Young’s double slit experiment
16.5 Interference in thin films
16.6 Diffraction due to a single slit
16.7 Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (only qualitative ideas), Electromagnetic spectrum
16.8 Polarization – states of polarization, Malus’ law, Brewster’s law

17. Modern Physics
17.1 Dual nature of light and matter – Photoelectric effect, De Broglie wavelength
17.2 Atomic models – Rutherford’s experiment, Bohr’s atomic model
17.3 Hydrogen atom spectrum
17.4 Radioactivity
17.5 Nuclear reactions: Fission and fusion, binding energy

18. Electronic Devices
18.1 Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
18.2 Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V
characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.
18.3 Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common
emitter configuration) and oscillator
18.4 Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

Part II: Chemistry

1. States of Matter
1.1 Measurement: Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant figures.
1.2 Chemical reactions: Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept;
Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition empirical & molecular formula;
Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry
1.3 Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points
Gaseous state: Gas Laws, ideal behavior, ideal gas equation, empirical derivation of gas
equation, Avogadro number, Deviation from ideal behaviour – Critical temperature,
Liquefaction of gases, van der Waals equation.
1.4 Liquid state: Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.
1.5 Solid state: Classification; Space lattices & crystal systems; Unit cell in two dimensional and
three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell – Cubic & hexagonal systems; Close
packing; Crystal structures: Simple AB and AB2 type ionic crystals, covalent crystals – diamond
& graphite, metals. Voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, ImperfectionsPoint
defects, non-stoichiometric crystals; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties;
Amorphous solids – qualitative description. Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors
and insulators, and n- and p- type semiconductors.

2. Atomic Structure
2.1 Introduction: Subatomic particles; Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Thompson’s model and
its limitations, Rutherford’s picture of atom and its limitations; Hydrogen atom spectrum and
Bohr model and its limitations.
2.2 Quantum mechanics: Wave-particle duality – de Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle;
Hydrogen atom: Quantum numbers and wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes (s, p,
and d), Spin quantum number.
2.3 Many electron atoms: Pauli exclusion principle; Aufbau principle and the electronic
configuration of atoms, Hund’s rule.
2.4 Periodicity: Brief history of the development of periodic tables Periodic law and the modern
periodic table; Types of elements: s, p, d, and f blocks; Periodic trends: ionization energy,
atomic, and ionic radii, inter gas radii, electron affinity, electro negativity and valency.
Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100.

3. Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure
3.1 Valence electrons, Ionic Bond: Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle; Covalent character of
ionic bonds and polar character of covalent bond, bond parameters
3.2 Molecular Structure: Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model & molecular shapes
3.3 Covalent Bond: Valence Bond Theory- Orbital overlap, Directionality of bonds & hybridization
(s, p & d orbitals only), Resonance; Molecular orbital theory- Methodology, Orbital energy level
diagram, Bond order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species (qualitative idea
3.4 Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond.

4. Thermodynamics
4.1 Basic Concepts: Systems and surroundings; State functions; Intensive & Extensive Properties;
Zeroth Law and Temperature
4.2 First Law of Thermodynamics: Work, internal energy, heat, enthalpy, heat capacities and
specific heats, measurements of ∆U and ∆H, Enthalpies of formation, phase transformation,
ionization, electron gain; Thermochemistry; Hess’s Law, Enthalpy of bond dissociation,
combustion, atomization, sublimation, solution and dilution
4.3 Second Law: Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy related to
spontaneity and non-spontaneity, non-mechanical work; Standard free energies of formation,
free energy change and chemical equilibrium
4.4 Third Law: Introduction

5. Physical and Chemical Equilibria
5.1 Concentration Units: Mole Fraction, Molarity, and Molality
5.2 Solutions: Solubility of solids and gases in liquids, Vapour Pressure, Raoult’s law, Relative
lowering of vapour pressure, depression in freezing point; elevation in boiling point; osmotic
pressure, determination of molecular mass; solid solutions, abnormal molecular mass, van’t
Hoff factor. Equilibrium: Dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action
5.3 Physical Equilibrium: Equilibria involving physical changes (solid-liquid, liquid-gas, solid-gas),
Surface chemistry, Adsorption, Physical and Chemical adsorption, Langmuir Isotherm, Colloids
and emulsion, classification, preparation, uses.
5.4 Chemical Equilibria: Equilibrium constants (KP, KC), Factors affecting equilibrium, LeChatelier’s
5.5 Ionic Equilibria: Strong and Weak electrolytes, Acids and Bases (Arrhenius, Lewis, Lowry and
Bronsted) and their dissociation; degree of ionization, Ionization of Water; ionization of
polybasic acids, pH; Buffer solutions; Henderson equation, Acid-base titrations; Hydrolysis;
Solubility Product of Sparingly Soluble Salts; Common Ion Effect.
5.6 Factors Affecting Equilibria: Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Catalysts

6. Electrochemistry
6.1 Redox Reactions: Oxidation-reduction reactions (electron transfer concept); Oxidation number;
Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode
potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Factors affecting the electrode potential;
Gibbs energy change and cell potential; Secondary cells; dry cells, Fuel cells; Corrosion and its
6.2 Electrolytic Conduction: Electrolytic Conductance; Specific and molar conductivities; variations
of conductivity with concentration , Kolhrausch’s Law and its application, Electrolysis,
Faraday’s laws of electrolysis; Electrode potential and electrolysis, Commercial production of
the chemicals, NaOH, Na, Al.

7. Chemical Kinetics
7.1 Aspects of Kinetics: Rate and Rate expression of a reaction; Rate constant; Order and
molecularity of the reaction; Integrated rate expressions and half life for zero and first order
7.2 Factor Affecting the Rate of the Reactions: Concentration of the reactants, catalyst; size of
particles, Temperature dependence of rate constant concept of collision theory (elementary idea,
no mathematical treatment); Activation energy.
7.3 Surface Chemistry
Adsorption – physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gasses on solids;
catalysis: homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis, colloidal
state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multi
molecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian
movement, electrophoresis, coagulations; emulsions–types of emulsions.

8. Hydrogen and s-block elements
8.1 Hydrogen: Element: unique position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes; Dihydrogen:
preparation, properties, reactions, and uses; Molecular, saline, ionic, covalent, interstitial
hydrides; Water: Properties; Structure and aggregation of water molecules; Heavy water;
Hydrogen peroxide: preparation, reaction, structure & use, Hydrogen as a fuel.
8.2 s-block elements: Abundance and occurrence; Anomalous properties of the first elements in
each group; diagonal relationships; trends in the variation of properties (ionization energy,
atomic & ionic radii).
8.3 Alkali metals: Lithium, sodium and potassium: occurrence, extraction, reactivity, and electrode
potentials; Biological importance; Reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens water; Basic
nature of oxides and hydroxides; Halides; Properties and uses of compounds such as NaCl,
Na2CO3, NaHCO3, NaOH, KCl, and KOH.
8.4 Alkaline earth metals: Magnesium and calcium: Occurrence, extraction, reactivity and electrode
potentials; Reactions with O2, H2O, H2 and halogens; Solubility and thermal stability of oxo
salts; Biological importance of Ca and Mg; Preparation, properties and uses of important
compounds such as CaO, Ca(OH)2, plaster of Paris, MgSO4, MgCl2, CaCO3, and CaSO4.

9. p- d- and f-block elements
9.1 General: Abundance, distribution, physical and chemical properties, isolation and uses of
elements; Trends in chemical reactivity of elements of a group; electronic configuration,
oxidation states; anomalous properties of first element of each group.
9.2 Group 13 elements: Boron; Properties and uses of borax, boric acid, boron hydrides & halides.
Reaction of aluminum with acids and alkalis;
9.3 Group 14 elements: Carbon: carbon catenation, physical & chemical properties, uses, allotropes
(graphite, diamond, fullerenes), oxides, halides and sulphides, carbides; Silicon: Silica, silicates,
silicone, silicon tetrachloride, Zeolites, and their uses
9.4 Group 15 elements: Dinitrogen; Preparation, reactivity and uses of nitrogen; Industrial and
biological nitrogen fixation; Compound of nitrogen; Ammonia: Haber’s process, properties and
reactions; Oxides of nitrogen and their structures; Properties and Ostwald’s process of nitric acid
production; Fertilizers – NPK type; Production of phosphorus; Allotropes of phosphorus;
Preparation, structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids (elementary idea only) and
halides of phosphorus, phosphine.
9.5 Group 16 elements: Isolation and chemical reactivity of dioxygen; Acidic, basic and amphoteric
oxides; Preparation, structure and properties of ozone; Allotropes of sulphur;
Preparation/production properties and uses of sulphur dioxide and sulphuric acid; Structure and
properties of oxides, oxoacids (structures only).
9.6 Group 17 and group 18 elements: Structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids of
halogens (structures only); preparation, properties & uses of chlorine & HCl; Inter halogen
compounds; Bleaching Powder; Uses of Group 18 elements, Preparation, structure and reactions
of xenon fluorides, oxides, and oxoacids.
9.7 d-Block elements: General trends in the chemistry of first row transition elements; Metallic
character; Oxidation state; ionization enthalpy; Ionic radii; Color; Catalytic properties; Magnetic
properties; Interstitial compounds; Occurrence and extraction of iron, copper, silver, zinc, and
mercury; Alloy formation; Steel and some important alloys; preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7, KMnO4.
9.8 f-Block elements: Lanthanoids and actinoids; Oxidation states and chemical reactivity of
lanthanoids compounds; Lanthanide contraction and its consequences, Comparison of actinoids
and lanthanoids.
9.9 Coordination Compounds: Coordination number; Ligands; Werner’s coordination theory;
IUPAC nomenclature; Application and importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative
analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems e.g. chlorophyll, vitamin B12, and
hemoglobin); Bonding: Valence-bond approach, Crystal field theory (qualitative); Isomerism
including stereoisomerisms.

10. Principles of Organic Chemistry and Hydrocarbons
10.1 Classification: General Introduction, classification based on functional groups, trivial and
IUPAC nomenclature. Methods of purification: qualitative and quantitative,
10.2 Electronic displacement in a covalent bond: Inductive, resonance effects, and hyperconjugation;
free radicals; carbocations, carbanions, nucleophiles and electrophiles; types of organic
reactions, free radial halogenations.
10.3 Alkanes: Structural isomerism, general properties and chemical reactions, free redical
helogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.
10.4 Alkenes and alkynes: General methods of preparation and reactions, physical properties,
electrophilic and free radical additions, acidic character of alkynes and (1,2 and 1,4) addition to
10.5 Aromatic hydrocarbons: Sources; properties; isomerism; resonance delocalization; aromaticity;
polynuclear hydrocarbons; IUPAC nomenclature; mechanism of electrophilic substitution
reaction, directive influence and effect of substituents on reactivity; carcinogenicity and toxicity.
10.6 Haloalkanes and haloarenes: Physical properties, nomenclature, optical rotation, chemical
reactions and mechanism of substitution reaction. Uses and environmental effects; di, tri,
tetrachloromethanes, iodoform, freon and DDT.

11. Stereochemistry
11.1 Conformations: Ethane conformations; Newman and Sawhorse projections.
11.2 Geometrical isomerism in alkenes

12. Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Oxygen and Nitrogen
12.1 General: Nomenclature, electronic structure, important methods of preparation, identification,
important reactions, physical and chemical properties, uses of alcohols, phenols, ethers,
aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, nitro compounds, amines, diazonium salts, cyanides and
12.2 Specific: Reactivity of -hydrogen in carbonyl compounds, effect of substituents on alphacarbon
on acid strength, comparative reactivity of acid derivatives, mechanism of nucleophilic
addition and dehydration, basic character of amines, methods of preparation, and their
separation, importance of diazonium salts in synthetic organic chemistry.

13. Biological , Industrial and Environmental chemistry
13.1 Carbohydrates: Classification; Monosaccharides; Structures of pentoses and hexoses; Simple
chemical reactions of glucose, Disaccharides: reducing and non-reducing sugars – sucrose,
maltose and lactose; Polysaccharides: elementary idea of structures of starch, cellulose and
13.2 Proteins: Amino acids; Peptide bond; Polypeptides; Primary structure of proteins; Simple idea of
secondary , tertiary and quarternary structures of proteins; Denaturation of proteins and enzymes.
13.3 Nucleic Acids: Types of nucleic acids; Primary building blocks of nucleic acids (chemical
composition of DNA & RNA); Primary structure of DNA and its double helix; Replication;
Transcription and protein synthesis; Genetic code.
13.4 Vitamins: Classification, structure, functions in biosystems; Hormones
13.5 Polymers: Classification of polymers; General methods of polymerization; Molecular mass of
polymers; Biopolymers and biodegradable polymers; methods of polymerization (free radical,
cationic and anionic addition polymerizations); Copolymerization: Natural rubber; Vulcanization
of rubber; Synthetic rubbers. Condensation polymers.
13.6 Pollution: Environmental pollutants; soil, water and air pollution; Chemical reactions in
atmosphere; Smog; Major atmospheric pollutants; Acid rain; Ozone and its reactions; Depletion
of ozone layer and its effects; Industrial air pollution; Green house effect and global warming;
Green Chemistry, study for control of environmental pollution.
13.7 Chemicals in medicine, health-care and food: Analgesics, Tranquilizers, antiseptics,
disinfectants, anti-microbials, anti-fertility drugs, antihistamines, antibiotics, antacids;
Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, antioxidants, soaps and detergents.

Part III: (a) English Proficiency and (b) Logical Reasoning

(a) English Proficiency

This test is designed to assess the test takers’ general proficiency in the use of English language as a means
of self-expression in real life situations and specifically to test the test takers’ knowledge of basic grammar,
their vocabulary, their ability to read fast and comprehend, and also their ability to apply the elements of
effective writing.
1. Grammar
1.1 Agreement, Time and Tense, Parallel construction, Relative pronouns
1.2 Determiners, Prepositions, Modals, Adjectives
1.3 Voice, Transformation
1.4 Question tags, Phrasal verbs

2. Vocabulary
2.1 Synonyms, Antonyms, Odd Word, One Word, Jumbled letters,
Homophones, Spelling
2.2 Contextual meaning.
2.3 Analogy

3. Reading Comprehension
3.1 Content/ideas
3.2 Vocabulary
3.3 Referents
3.4 Idioms/Phrases
3.5 Reconstruction (rewording)

4. Composition
4.1 Rearrangement
4.2 Paragraph Unity
4.3 Linkers/Connectives

(b) Logical Reasoning
The test is given to the candidates to judge their power of reasoning spread in verbal and nonverbal areas.
The candidates should be able to think logically so that they perceive the data accurately, understand the
relationships correctly, figure out the missing numbers or words, and to apply rules to new and different
contexts. These indicators are measured through performance on such tasks as detecting missing links,
following directions, classifying words, establishing sequences, and completing analogies.

5. Verbal Reasoning
5.1 Analogy
Analogy means correspondence. In the questions based on analogy, a particular
relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the
alternatives provided.
5.2 Classification
Classification means to assort the items of a given group on the basis of certain common
quality they possess and then spot the odd option out.
5.3 Series Completion
Here series of numbers or letters are given and one is asked to either complete the series or
find out the wrong part in the series.
5.4 Logical Deduction – Reading Passage
Here a brief passage is given and based on the passage the candidate is required to identify
the correct or incorrect logical conclusions.
5.5 Chart Logic
Here a chart or a table is given that is partially filled in and asks to complete it in
accordance with the information given either in the chart / table or in the question.

6. Nonverbal Reasoning
6.1 Pattern Perception
Here a certain pattern is given and generally a quarter is left blank. The candidate is
required to identify the correct quarter from the given four alternatives.
6.2 Figure Formation and Analysis
The candidate is required to analyze and form a figure from various given parts.
6.3 Paper Cutting
It involves the analysis of a pattern that is formed when a folded piece of paper is cut into a
definite design.
6.4 Figure Matrix
In this more than one set of figures is given in the form of a matrix, all of them following
the same rule. The candidate is required to follow the rule and identify the missing figure.
6.5 Rule Detection
Here a particular rule is given and it is required to select from the given sets of figures, a
set of figures, which obeys the rule and forms the correct series.

You can also go through similar articles on BITS Pilani and BITS Goa!

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