CBSE Syllabus for Class 8th:
Class 8th can be termed the beginning of a lot of decisions in the academic near future. It can be the year you begin serious studies for your future goals, or lay the perfect foundation for your class 10th board exams. Knowing the syllabus is the first step towards academics. So, in this article, we bring you the entire CBSE syllabus for class 8th.
Mathematics Course Structure for CBSE Class 8th:
- Number Systems (50 hours) -Rational Numbers, Powers, Squares, Square roots, Cubes, Cube roots, Playing with numbers.
- Algebra (20 hours) – Algebraic Expressions, Factorisation, Solving linear equations
- Ratio and Proportion (25 hours) –
- Slightly advanced problems involving applications on percentages, profit & loss, overhead expenses, Discount, tax.
- The difference between simple and compound interest (compounded yearly up to 3 years or half-yearly up to 3 steps only), Arriving at the formula for compound interest through patterns and using it for simple problems.
- Direct variation – Simple and direct word problems.
- Inverse variation – Simple and direct word problems • Time & work problems– Simple and direct word problems.
- Geometry (40 hours) – Understanding shapes – Quadrilaterals, Representing 3-D in 2-D, Construction – Quadrilaterals
- Mensuration (15 hours) –
- Concept of volume, measurement of volume using a basic unit, volume of a cube, cuboid and a cylinder
- Volume and Capacity
- Surface area of a cube, cuboid, cylinder.
- Area of a trapezium and a polygon
- Data Handling (15 hours) –
- Reading bar graphs
- Simple Pie Charts
- Visual representation of frequency outcomes of repeated throws of the same kind of coins or dice.
- Introduction to graphs and Cartesian Plane (15 hours)
Science Course Structure for CBSE Class 8th:
- Food (22 hours) –
- Crop Production
- Micro organisms
- Materials (26 hours) –
- Materials in daily life
- Different kinds of materials and their reactions
- How things change or react with another
- The world of the living (44 hours) –
- Why conserve
- The cell
- How babies are formed
- Moving things, people and ideas (30 hours) –
- Idea of force
- How things Work (14 hours) –
- Electrical current and circuits
- Conducting solution when electrical current passes through it
- Electroplating basics
- Natural Phenomena (26 hours) –
- Rain, Thunder and Lightning
- Night Sky
- Natural Resources (14 hours) –
- Man’s intervention in phenomena of nature
- Pollution of air and water
Social Science Course Structure for CBSE Class 8th:
- The constitution
Section 1: The Role of the Constitution and the Need for Laws Section 2: Vision set forth in the Indian Constitution with a focus on secularism.
- Parliamentary Government
Functioning of parliamentary government and the roles and responsibilities of the various individuals. Section 1: Composition of parliament. Accountability of government to the parliament. Section 2: Understand central government through an issue of minimum wages or other struggles.
- The judiciary
Understanding the judiciary through tracing a case from m the lower to the higher courts. Section 1: The structure and process followed by the judiciary: Trace a case from lower to higher courts. Distinguish between civil and criminal cases. Indicate the rationale of the process. Section 2: Difference between the roles of the police and that of the courts.
- Social Justice and the marginalized
Provides an understanding of what is meant by ‘marginalized’ groups. Talks about the issue of untouchability and reservations.
- Economic Presence of the Government
Various ways in which the government is engaged in developmental activities especially in infrastructure and social issues. English Course Structure Syllabus for English focuses on improving the learning skills, reading and writing skills and improving vocabulary.
1. to negotiate their own learning goals and evaluate their own progress, edit, revise, review their own work
2. to understand, enjoy and appreciate a wide range of texts representing different cultures, ways of living
3. to be able to articulate individual/personal responses effectively
4. to use language and vocabulary appropriately in different contexts and social encounters
5. to be able to organise and structure thoughts in writing/speech
6. to develop production skills ( fluency and accuracy in speaking and writing)
7. to use dictionary suitable to their needs
8. to understand and enjoy jokes, skits, children’s films, anecdotes and riddles
This was the CBSE syllabus for class 8th. For language courses, syllabus keeps changing according to the linguistic research committee.
The topics of Mathematics and English in CBSE syllabus for class 8th consist of skills that form basis for fundamental preparation in management entrance examinations like CAT or XAT. It is important to inculcate these skills to the student early on and CBSE NCERT syllabus fits well in this aspect. The courses in Science and Mathematics play very little role in Higher Secondary syllabus, but it is important to study them as the difficulty for Class VIII will give an idea of how difficulty level in Classes XI or XII would be. For the parents, make sure the child understands their fundamental concepts as Class VIII is pivotal and acts as a gateway to Secondary and Higher Secondary Education.
Find an overall look at the CBSE board exams in this article.