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CLAT preparation is crucial for clearing CLAT. Before discussing the complexities of critical CLAT preparation, let us create a strong base on what CLAT really is.

Introducing CLAT

CLAT stands for Common Law Admission Test. Hence, it is a national graduate level law examination. National Law Universities across the country (NLUs) conduct CLAT on an annual basis. This exam admits students to the NLU’s undergraduate and postgraduate law programmes. Examples of their best law programmes are BA LLB, B.Com LLB, and B.Sc LLB.

Some additional information about the CLAT is as follows:

  • Moreover, CLAT is an annual online examination.
  • National University of Advanced Legal Studies Kochi (NUALS Kochi) is the conducting authority for CLAT 2018.
  • 19 National Law Universities (NLUs) are the participating institutes.
  • The total number of seats it offers for the postgraduate programmes are 624.
  • CLAT also offers a total number of 2400 for its undergraduate programme.
  • There are 40,000 (approximately) CLAT test takes for the UG programmes and 5,500 (approximately) CLAT test takers for the PG programmes.
  • In the year 2016, over 45,000 students have applied for CLAT but only 37,000 students appeared for the exam.
  • Finally, the test comprises of 200 objective type questions.

CLAT Syllabus

The examination for LLB Programmes, however, will include 5 broad sections namely:

English, General Knowledge and Current Affairs, Elementary Maths, Legal Aptitude and, Logical Reasoning.

Section Question Type Area of Assessment
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Synonyms
  • Prepositions
  • Idioms and Phrases
  • Para Jumbles
  • Foreign Maxims
  • Spellings
General Knowledge and Current Affairs
  • Static GK
  • Current Affairs
  • Geography
  • Personalities
  • Special Days
  • Current Legal News
  • Basic level of awareness
  • Advanced level of awareness
  • And also the importance of keeping up to date with the world
  • Profit and Loss
  • Percentages
  • Number System
  • Time and Distance
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Simple & Compound Interest
  • Linear & Quadratic Equations
  • Geometry and Mensuration
  • Time and Work
  • Probability and Stats
  • To test the candidate’s aptitude.
  • Test the candidate’s memory capacity
  • And to also test the candidate’s ability to grasp concepts
Legal Aptitude
  • Constitution
  • Legal Principles
  • Family Law
  • Corporate Law
  • Criminal Law
  • Torts
  • Assertion Reason
  • IPR
  • Analyse the candidate’s interest towards law because interest drives motivation.
  • Observe the candidate’s ability to analyze legal situations.
  • To also test the candidate’s decision-making ability.
Logical Reasoning
  • Number Series
  • Syllogisms
  • Odd One Out
  • Statement, Assumption, and Conclusion
  • Blood Relations
  • Logical Deductions
  • Arrangements
  • Logical Relationships
  • Critical Reasoning
  • Statement and Arguments
  • Test the candidate’s logical aptitude because it helps decision-making capacity.
  • Test the ability to identify the answer.
  • And to also analyze the ability to follow instructions as it is.

Test the candidate’s aptitude in the English language as a whole and also evaluate the candidate’s understanding of the English language

CLAT Pattern

CLAT is an online examination that comprises of a total of 200 objective type questions.

FOR LLB (UG Programmes)

Sections Tested on Number of Questions Maximum Marks
English 41 40
GK & Current Affairs 51 50
Mathematics 22 20
Legal Aptitude 52 50
Logical Reasoning 44 40
Total 210 200

FOR LLM (PG Programmes)

Sections Tested on Number of Questions Maximum Marks
Constitutional Law 50 50
Jurisprudence 50 50
Topics like Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc. 50 50
Total 150 150

Why prepare for CLAT?

Like every other competitive exam, CLAT has a remarkably high demand. Moreover, with the desire to get admission in one of the best NLUs, students work very hard. The determination power is on a full charge and they are willing to compromise on anything for their seat.

Furthermore, in a world where 0.75% differentiates the ranks. And over 15-20 candidates secure a score of 425 out of 650 in competitive exams, the competition is high. Because the extreme demand for a professional degree is commendable.

Keeping the above in mind, CLAT preparation is very important. If you wish to see yourself enter a law course in some of the best NLUs, then CLAT preparation is mandatory. By preparation, we do not mean mediocre preparation. To secure yourself a law seat, the preparation should be such that you are leading the race. With over 50,000 to 75,000 students registering, the very thought of an NLU law seat is daunting.

CLAT Preparation Tips

It is important to learn some preparation tips and strategies that have always proven to help. These strategies are highly recommended to students undergoing full-time preparation courses. If you correctly apply these tips and strategies together, you are bound to make it all the way!

CLAT preparation Tip 1 – Understand the syllabus distribution

This is the single most important tip and yet the most common mistake that students make. Students tend to spend disproportionate amounts of time on Mathematics and Logical Reasoning. Therefore, by solving tougher and tougher problems from a wide range of topics, you ignore the other sections. However, as you can clearly see from the table above, Mathematics and Logical Reasoning together constitute only 60 marks. The more important sections are those of Legal Aptitude and GK/Current Affairs. Those two put together are 50% of the paper or 100 marks

CLAT preparation Tip 2 – Focus on Legal Aptitude

Students often struggle with this section because of two major reasons. One is that it is unrelated to what is taught in schools. And second, being the potential area to cover is very vast. However, in reality, you can benefit by knowing what the exam focuses on. The past 8 years of CLAT papers and questions typically tend to come from just 4 major areas: Criminal Law, Law of Tort, Contract Act and Indian Constitution

Therefore, rather than attempting to cover all of the IPC or the CrPC, it is better to restrict yourself to a more thorough understanding of these 4 basic topics. Each of these topics is vast. However, remember that this is a Law entrance exam. Hence, you are not expected to know the detailed technicalities of these topics in advance. Instead, you should have a good grasp of the fundamental tenets on which the laws are framed. Also be able to use your logic skills to apply the given principles to the realistic circumstances

CLAT preparation Tip 3 – GK/Current Affairs Syllabus

There is no source from which you can study this section that will guarantee you great marks in this section. Even the best-prepared student would be confident of only 80-85% of the GK questions asked in CLAT exam. A best-prepared student is one who has been constantly reading the newspapers for over 5 years. He/she would have thorough/basic knowledge of all that has happened in the world for the last decade. However, over the years some patterns have emerged – areas that are known to be favourites among examiners and from where questions will definitely be asked.

You should definitely be covering the important awards each year – sports, science, literature and arts. One should know the major UN bodies, their functions and their locations. You should have a good overview of Indian geography and history. And you should also be aware of any important happenings in the area of the Indian Constitution or Justice system. For Current Affairs, pick one or two reliable sources and religiously follow them. It is more systematic than reading randomly from a bunch of different sources.

CLAT preparation Tip 4 – Writing Mock Tests

You should definitely plan to write many mock tests. However, aim to finish at least 70% to 80% of the syllabus before starting the mocks. That’s the only way that you will receive any benefit from writing the test. Look for a good online mock test series, and aim to write at least 6-8 mock papers before the actual exam. Follow the exam conditions as much as possible. Consider the actual exam time limit as well.

CLAT preparation Tip 5 – Question Selection

All questions carry equal marks and there are no sectional cutoffs in CLAT! So feel free to start from any section you are comfortable with, and if a question is taking too much time skip it and move ahead. In the end, if you have time, come back to it.

CLAT preparation Tip 6 – Do not neglect English

Being strong in Reading Comprehension and basic grammar will take you a long way in the English section. Many students tend to ignore the section because they find it rather simple. This section is deceptively difficult and it is important that you are well-versed with the English language rules.

Good luck!

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