What is Cooperative Learning?
Cooperative learning aims to organize class activities. Also, it aims to into a social and educational learning experience. Also in it, students work together in groups to perform a task. John Dewey the education reformer introduced this theory. It is the responsibility of the teacher to carefully select the group. Each member is responsible for learning. And also, to teach what is taught to his/her teammates.
Meaning and Definition of Cooperative Learning
Cooperative learning is an activity which helps students to work in groups. Also, it enables them to learn and teach group members. Also, the success of each member depends on the group’s success.
Cooperative learning is a teaching method. It arranges and mixes students of different level of ability and learning into groups. Also, it focuses on group success rather than individual success.
Types of Cooperative Learning
Cooperative learning divides into 3 parts:
- Formal learning
- Informal learning
- Cooperative learning
1. Formal Learning
The formal group assigns tasks and projects. Also, they stay together until the assignment completes. The group has a clear structure. Besides, the teacher selects the groups. Depending on the assignments, the group can be heterogeneous and homogeneous. Likewise, three to five-person groups is believed to be most productive.
2. Informal Learning
These are just the opposite of formal learning. Also, they are not structured very well. Typically they involve activities that take few minutes. In addition, they usually have two to three members. They are suitably used for rapid activities like check for understanding, quick problem solving or review, etc. these help in changing the format of the lecture. Also, they give students a few minutes to talk about a concept with a go over.
3. Cooperative Learning
They are usually long term support group. Also, their minimum duration is a semester but they can last for years. Due to their duration, they generally become friends or acquaintances. The members support and cooperate with each other outside the group.
Elements of Cooperative Learning
Basically, there are five elements of cooperative learning
1. Positive Interdependence
It means that they have clear goals or target. Also, their effort not only helps oneself but the group. Positive interdependence is committed to personal success. as well as the success of every member of the group.
2. Individual and Group Accountability
The group is accountable for its actions. Also, the members are accountable for their fair contribution. And also for achieving the group goal. Besides no one can copy or steal others work. Everyone’s performance must be assessed. And its results should be given to the group.
3. Small group and Interpersonal skills
Small group and interpersonal skills require carrying out as part of a group. Basically, they are teamwork skills. Self-motivation, efficient leadership, decision making, trust building, communication, and conflict managing are basic skills.
4. Promotive face-to-face Interaction
This means that students share each other success by dividing resources. Also, to learn they help, give confidence, support, and admire each other’s work. Educational and individual both are part of this common goal.
5. Group Processing
Group members require experiencing free to communicate frankly with others. Also, they feel each other’s concern and make merry at accomplishments. Besides, they should converse about achieving the goal and maintaining helpful working relations.