If you want to be a future IITian, then it’s crucial to plan ahead. For the JEE Advanced exam, one has to start the preparations right from class 11. A high level of dedication and effort needs to be put in, from the very beginning. The questions asked in the JEE Advanced exam are almost equally from the Class 11 and Class 12 syllabus. There are many students who take it easy in 11th standard after the stressful 10th board exams, but let me tell you that it is almost impossible to cover up the lost preparation in 12th standard. So, in order to secure a good rank in the examination, students must begin an in-depth and structured preparation of the exam syllabi right from the 11th standard.
While cracking the JEE Main is relatively easier and based mainly on the NCERT content, the JEE Advanced requires a rigorous practice of the basics as well as relatively advanced practice problems from several reference books of both class 11th and 12th syllabus.
I’ve listed out topics you need to work on in each subject of standard 11th to make the process of JEE Advanced easier for you.
Important Topics from Class 11 Mathematics
A major section of the JEE Advanced Mathematics syllabus is based on the class 11 Mathematics content. The topics of 11th syllabus Mathematics that cover almost 50% of the JEE Advanced Mathematics question papers are listed below:
- Relations and functions
- Trigonometric functions
- Complex numbers
- Quadratic equations
- Linear inequalities
- Permutations and Combinations
- Binomial Theorem
- Sequences and series
- Straight lines
- Conic section
- Three-dimensional geometry
- Limits, derivatives and continuity of functions (including L’Hospital rule)
Since the above-mentioned topics form the base of any Mathematics problem, it is crucial to have a routine practice of sums of different levels of difficulty on a regular basis. For example, not understanding limits and derivatives will make solving problems of differentiation and integration very difficult. This topic forms approximately 30% of the class 12th Maths syllabus.
Of the above-mentioned topics, relations and functions, trigonometry and probability need to be studied more extensively.
Important Topics from Class 11 Physics
Understanding the concepts of Physics may prove to be challenging, especially if not studied with absolute concentration and focus right from the very first chapter of the class 11th syllabus. In general, the physics portion of the JEE advanced question paper is considered to be the toughest of all the three sections, thereby necessitating special attention and a considerable amount of practice of various types of problems.
The topics of 11th syllabus Physics that get high coverage in the JEE advanced examination are listed below:
- Kinematics (motion in a straight line and plane)
- Newton’s laws of motion, law of conservation of linear momentum
- Different types of friction
- Circular motion
- Work, power and energy; non-conservative forces
- Elastic, inelastic and non-elastic collision
- Mechanical properties of solids (stress, strain, elastic energy)
- Mechanical properties of fluids (streamline and turbulence, surface energy and surface tension)
- Rotational mechanics
- Thermal properties of matter
- Behaviour of perfect gases
- Waves and oscillations
Make a clear note of all the formulas in a categorical manner during the exam preparations. It is very important to follow several reference books for physics and practice as many sums as possible in order to gain confidence in the problem-solving process. It will enable a better understanding of application-based problem solving.
Important Topics from Class 11 Chemistry
The most basic concepts of organic chemistry are taught in the class 11th syllabus. As the class 11th Chemistry syllabus is a major step-up from the contents of class 10th Chemistry, it is of utmost importance to study 11th Organic Chemistry.
Understanding the concepts of Physical Chemistry is relatively easier. However, it is the rudimentary knowledge of chemistry, which is required for understanding complicated concepts of Chemistry. The numerical concepts of Physical chemistry and their applications are often put to the test in the JEE Advanced. If properly answered, it can easily add to the JEE scores of a candidate. The topics of 11th Inorganic Chemistry need regular revision in order to score better in the JEE advanced.
The topics of 11th syllabus Chemistry, which are included in the JEE advanced syllabus, are listed below:
- Structure of Atom and other basic concepts of Chemistry+
- Molecular structure and Chemical Bonding
- Classification of elements and periodicity of properties
- Thermodynamics and Equilibrium
- Gases and liquids
- Redox reactions
- s- and p- block elements
- Organic Chemistry and Hydrocarbons
- Environmental Chemistry
The preparation strategy for every student might differ considering his/her aptitude and learning abilities. It massively depends on the candidate’s current position i.e. how much portion is completed till today. However, you need to know that the JEE Advanced syllabus has largely remained unchanged for the last 16 years! So, apart from concentrating on the above topics, you also need to solve previous years’ question papers to safely sail through the questions on the D-Day.
Hard work and dedication is all you need to succeed and the ace JEE Advanced. It’s also always a good idea to take down thorough notes in 11th standard, which will come in handy while studying for JEE Advanced. Create a schedule for studying Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and do not overestimate the time you have.
Best of Luck.
You could also read about the Books Every JEE Aspirant Should Have to nail the exam like a pro.