With technology making great advances in the last few decades, it has also influenced the way we learn and the way we teach. Educational technology has seen some amazing improvements in the last decade or so. Today let us learn a bit more about instructional design, its features, its importance and more.
What is Instructional Design?
So let us first understand the meaning of instructional design so we can explore the topic further. Instructional design is generally defined as a systematized process for developing educational, instructional and training programs. So the development, designing and finally delivering of learning experiences in general.
In simpler words, instructional design is another name for lesson planning. However, the scope of it is much larger. It is a much more comprehensive approach to planning and executing lessons. So the teaching material is prepared by keeping in mind how the learners will respond to it. The ultimate aim is to achieve the goals of the learner.
Process of Instructional Design
Instructional design combines education with technology and communication. The idea is to create efficient learning patterns for the intended user. It is not merely an information dump. It is meant to guide the learners towards important information and guide them through the lesson.
Now each design is unique as per the requirement of the learner and the characteristics of the lesson. But some points remain common in every design of an instructional program. Let us learn about these steps in the process of instructional design.
Steps in Process of Instructional Design
- Analyze the requirements of the audience. But don’t limit yourself only to this. Also analyze the business needs, the content and the technology involved in the design.
- The next important step is to identify the learning objectives. This will allow you to design the content based on its emphasis. Make sure none of the must-know information gets lost in the data.
- Now comes the main process of actually developing the design. The first step is to develop a topic list by breaking down the lesson into smaller chunks. Then determine which approach you will be taking – video, audio, game, story, text, etc. Then implement attention capturing tools like introduction video, quizzes, summarizing, etc.
- Create a storyboard of the whole process. A visual representation of your design will help you better analyze and understand the content and any shortcomings of your design.
- The next step is to follow the storyboard and actually develop a prototype of your design. So pick some important concepts or pages and develop them. It will help you understand how the final product will look like a functional product.
- Now the graphic designers and instructional designers will actually develop the product to deliver the training. This involves developing visuals and audio, creating activities, voice-overs, knowledge checks, and many such tools.
- And finally, we conduct the final evaluation of the product. We evaluate the impact of the training imparted. The learner must find the design educational and useful as well as easy to understand and use. Take the feedback and improve your design further.
The ultimate aim of the design process is to develop a reliable training program. It must improve the learner’s possibility of learning and be a unique attention-capturing experience for them. So if the instructional design engages the learner by making the information more efficient and appealing it is a success.
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