Exemplar Problems and Solutions for Class 9
This article contains the set of problems and solutins from NCERT Exemplar for class 9.
Multiple Choice Questions from NCERT Exemplar for class 9
1. Which one of the following sets of phenomena would increase on raising the temperature?
(a) Diffusion, evaporation, compression of gases
(b) Evaporation, compression of gases, solubility
(c) Evaporation, diffusion, expansion of gases
(d) Evaporation, solubility, diffusion, compression of gases
2. Seema visited a Natural Gas Compressing Unit and found that the gas can be liquefied under specific conditions of temperature and pressure. While sharing her experience with friends she got confused. Help her to identify
the correct set of conditions
(a) Low temperature, low pressure
(b) High temperature, low pressure
(c) Low temperature, high pressure
(d) High temperature, high pressure
3. The property to flow is unique to fluids. Which one of the following statements is correct?
(a) Only gases behave like fluids
(b) Gases and solids behave like fluids
(c) Gases and liquids behave like fluids
(d) Only liquids are fluids
4. During summer, water kept in an earthen pot becomes cool because of the phenomenon of
5. A few substances are arranged in the increasing order of ‘forces of attraction’ between their particles. Which one of the following represents a correct arrangement?
(a) Water, air, wind
(b) Air, sugar, oil
(c) Oxygen, water, sugar
(d) Salt, juice, air
8 NCERT Exemplar for class 9 problems
6. On converting 25°C, 38°C and 66°C to kelvin scale, the correct sequence of temperature will be
(a) 298 K, 311 K and 339 K
(b) 298 K, 300 K and 338 K
(c) 273 K, 278 K and 543 K
(d) 298 K, 310 K and 338 K
7. Choose the correct statement of the following
(a) conversion of solid into vapours without passing through the liquid
state is called vapourisation.
(b) conversion of vapours into solid without passing through the liquid
state is called sublimation.
(c) conversion of vapours into solid without passing through the liquid
state is called freezing.
(d) conversion of solid into liquid is called sublimation.
8. The boiling points of diethyl ether, acetone and n-butyl alcohol are 35°C, 56°C and 118°C respectively. Which one of the following correctly represents their boiling points in kelvin scale?
(a) 306 K, 329 K, 391 K
(b) 308 K, 329 K, 392 K
(c) 308 K, 329 K, 391 K
(d) 329 K, 392 K, 308 K
9. Which condition out of the following will increase the evaporation of water?
(a) Increase in temperature of water
(b) Decrease in temperature of water
(c) Less exposed surface area of water
(d) Adding common salt to water
10. In which of the following conditions, the distance between the molecules of hydrogen gas would increase?
(i) Increasing pressure on hydrogen contained in a closed container
(ii) Some hydrogen gas leaking out of the container
(iii) Increasing the volume of the container of hydrogen gas
(iv) Adding more hydrogen gas to the container without increasing the volume of the container
(a) (i) and (iii)
(b) (i) and (iv)
(c) (ii) and (iii)
(d) (ii) and (iv)
Short Answer Questions from NCERT Exemplar for class 9
11. A sample of water under study was found to boil at 102°C at normal temperature and pressure. Is the water pure? Will this water freeze at 0°C? Comment.
12. A student heats a beaker containing ice and water. He measures the temperature of the content of the beaker as a function of time. Which of the following (Fig. 1.1) would correctly represent the result? Justify your choice.
13. Fill in the blanks: from NCERT Exemplar for class 9
(a) Evaporation of a liquid at room temperature leads to a——— effect.
(b) At room temperature the forces of attraction between the particles of solid substances are———than those which exist in the gaseous state.
(c) The arrangement of particles is less ordered in the ——— state. However, there is no order in the ——— state.
(d) ——— is the change of gaseous state directly to solid state without going through the ———state.
(e) The phenomenon of change of a liquid into the gaseous state at any temperature below its boiling point is called———.
14. Match the physical quantities given in column A to their S I units given in column B :
|a) Pressure||(i) cubic metre|
|(b) Temperature||(ii) kilogram|
|(c) Density||(iii) pascal|
|(d) Mass||(iv) kelvin|
|(e) Volume||(v) kilogram per cubic metre|
15. The non S I and S I units of some physical quantities are given in column A and column B respectively. Match the units belonging to the same physical quantity:
|(a) degree celsius||(i) kilogram|
|(b) centimetre||(ii) pascal|
|(c) gram per centimetre cube||(iii) metre|
|(d) bar||(iv) kelvin|
|(e) milligram||(v) kilogram per metre cube|
16. ‘Osmosis is a special kind of diffusion’. Comment.
17. Classify the following into osmosis/diffusion
(a) Swelling up of a raisin on keeping in water.
(b) Spreading of virus on sneezing.
(c) Earthworm dying on coming in contact with common salt.
(d) Shrinking of grapes kept in thick sugar syrup.
(e) Preserving pickles in salt.
(f) Spreading of smell of cake being baked through out the house.
(g) Aquatic animals using oxygen dissolved in water during respiration.
18. Water as ice has a cooling effect, whereas water as steam may cause severe burns. Explain these observations.
19. Alka was making tea in a kettle. Suddenly she felt intense heat from the puff of steam gushing out of the spout of the kettle. She wondered whether the temperature of the steam was higher than that of the water boiling in the kettle. Comment.
20. A glass tumbler containing hot water is kept in the freezer compartment of a refrigerator (temperature < 0°C). If you could measure the temperature of the content of the tumbler, which of the following graphs (Fig.1.2) would correctly represent the change in its temperature as a function of time.
22. (a) Conversion of solid to vapour is called sublimation. Name the term used to denote the conversion of vapour to solid.
(b) Conversion of solid state to liquid state is called fusion; what is meant by latent heat of fusion?
Long Answer Questions from NCERT Exemplar for class 9
23. You are provided with a mixture of naphthalene and ammonium chloride by your teacher. Suggest an activity to separate them with well labelled diagram.
24. It is a hot summer day, Priyanshi and Ali are wearing cotton and nylon clothes respectively. Who do you think would be more comfortable and why?
25. You want to wear your favourite shirt to a party, but the problem is that it is still wet after a wash. What steps would you take to dry it faster? 26. Comment on the following statements:
(a) Evaporation produces cooling.
(b) Rate of evaporation of an aqueous solution decreases with increase in humidity.
(c) Sponge though compressible is a solid.
27. Why does the temperature of a substance remain constant during its melting point or boiling point?
Multiple Choice Questions from NCERT Exemplar for class 9
1. Which of the following statements are true for pure substances?
(i) Pure substances contain only one kind of particles
(ii) Pure substances may be compounds or mixtures
(iii) Pure substances have the same composition throughout
(iv) Pure substances can be exemplified by all elements other than nickel
(a) (i) and (ii)
(b) (i) and (iii)
(c) (iii) and (iv)
(d) (ii) and (iii)
2. Rusting of an article made up of iron is called
(a) corrosion and it is a physical as well as chemical change
(b) dissolution and it is a physical change
(c) corrosion and it is a chemical change
(d) dissolution and it is a chemical change
3. A mixture of sulphur and carbon disulphide is
(a) heterogeneous and shows Tyndall effect
(b) homogeneous and shows Tyndall effect
(c) heterogeneous and does not show Tyndall effect
(d) homogeneous and does not show Tyndall effect
4. Tincture of iodine has antiseptic properties. This solution is made by dissolving
(a) iodine in potassium iodide
(b) iodine in vaseline
(c) iodine in water
(d) iodine in alcohol
5. Which of the following are homogeneous in nature?
(i) ice (ii) wood (iii) soil (iv) air
(a) (i) and (iii)
(b) (ii) and (iv)
(c) (i) and (iv)
(d) (iii) and (iv)
6. Which of the following are physical changes?
(i) Melting of iron metal
(ii) Rusting of iron
(iii) Bending of an iron rod
(iv) Drawing a wire of iron metal
(a) (i), (ii) and (iii)
(b) (i), (ii) and (iv)
(c) (i), (iii) and (iv)
(d) (ii), (iii) and (iv)
7. Which of the following are chemical changes?
(i) Decaying of wood
(ii) Burning of wood
(iii) Sawing of wood
(iv) Hammering of a nail into a piece of wood
(a) (i) and (ii)
(b) (ii) and (iii)
(c) (iii) and (iv)
(d) (i) and (iv)
8. Two substances, A and B were made to react to form a third substance, A2B according to the following reaction
2 A + B → A2B
Which of the following statements concerning this reaction are incorrect?
(i) The product A2B shows the properties of substances A and B
(ii) The product will always have a fixed composition
(iii) The product so formed cannot be classified as a compound
(iv) The product so formed is an element
(a) (i), (ii) and (iii),
(b) (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(c) (i), (iii) and (iv)
(d) (ii), (iii) and (iv)
9. Two chemical species X and Y combine together to form a product P which contains both X and Y
X + Y → P
X and Y cannot be broken down into simpler substances by simple chemical reactions. Which of the following concerning the species X, Y and P are correct?
(i) P is a compound
(ii) X and Y are compounds
(iii) X and Y are elements
(iv) P has a fixed composition
(a) (i), (ii) and (iii),
(b) (i), (ii) and (iv)
(c) (ii), (iii) and (iv)
(d) (i), (iii) and (iv)
10. Suggest separation technique(s) one would need to employ to separate the following mixtures.
(a) Mercury and water
(b) Potassium chloride and ammonium chloride
(c) Common salt, water and sand
(d) Kerosene oil, water and salt
12. Salt can be recovered from its solution by evaporation. Suggest some other technique for the same?
13. The ‘sea-water’ can be classified as a homogeneous as well as heterogeneous mixture. Comment.
14. While diluting a solution of salt in water, a student by mistake added acetone (boiling point 56°C). What technique can be employed to get back the acetone? Justify your choice.
15. What would you observe when
(a) a saturated solution of potassium chloride prepared at 60°C is allowed to cool to room temperature.
(b) an aqueous sugar solution is heated to dryness.
(c) a mixture of iron filings and sulphur powder is heated strongly.
16. Explain why particles of a colloidal solution do not settle down when left undisturbed, while in the case of a suspension they do.
17. Smoke and fog both are aerosols. In what way are they different?
18. Classify the following as physical or chemical properties
(a) The composition of a sample of steel is: 98% iron, 1.5% carbon and 0.5% other elements.
(b) Zinc dissolves in hydrochloric acid with the evolution of hydrogen gas.
(c) Metallic sodium is soft enough to be cut with a knife.
(d) Most metal oxides form alkalis on interacting with water.
19. The teacher instructed three students ‘A’, ‘B’ and ‘C’ respectively to prepare a 50% (mass by volume) solution of sodium hydroxide (NaOH). ‘A’ dissolved 50g of NaOH in 100 mL of water, ‘B’ dissolved 50g of NaOH in 100g of
water while ‘C’ dissolved 50g of NaOH in water to make 100 mL of solution. Which one of them has made the desired solution and why?
20. Name the process associated with the following
(a) Dry ice is kept at room temperature and at one atmospheric pressure.
(b) A drop of ink placed on the surface of water contained in a glass spreads throughout the water.
(c) A potassium permanganate crystal is in a beaker and water is poured into the beaker with stirring.
(d) A acetone bottle is left open and the bottle becomes empty.
(e) Milk is churned to separate cream from it.
(f) Settling of sand when a mixture of sand and water is left undisturbed for some time.
(g) Fine beam of light entering through a small hole in a dark room, illuminates the particles in its paths.
21. You are given two samples of water labelled as ‘A’ and ‘B’. Sample ‘A’ boils at 100°C and sample ‘B’ boils at 102°C. Which sample of water will not freeze at 0°C? Comment.
22. What are the favourable qualities given to gold when it is alloyed with copper or silver for the purpose of making ornaments?
23. An element is sonorous and highly ductile. Under which category would you classify this element? What other characteristics do you expect the element to possess?
24. Give an example each for the mixture having the following characteristics. Suggest a suitable method to separate the components of these mixtures
(a) A volatile and a non-volatile component.
(b) Two volatile components with appreciable difference in boiling points.
(c) Two immiscible liquids.
(d) One of the components changes directly from solid to gaseous state.
(e) Two or more coloured constituents soluble in some solvent.
25. Fill in the blanks from NCERT Exemplar for class 9
(a) A colloid is a ——— mixture and its components can be separated by the technique known as ———.
(b) Ice, water and water vapour look different and display different ——properties but they are ——— the same.
(c) A mixture of chloroform and water taken in a separating funnel is mixed and left undisturbed for some time. The upper layer in the separating funnel will be of——— and the lower layer will be that of ———.
(d) A mixture of two or more miscible liquids, for which the difference in the boiling points is less than 25 K can be separated by the process called———.
(e) When light is passed through water containing a few drops of milk, it shows a bluish tinge. This is due to the ——— of light by milk and the phenomenon is called ——— . This indicates that milk is a ——— solution.
26. Sucrose (sugar) crystals obtained from sugarcane and beetroot are mixed together. Will it be a pure substance or a mixture? Give reasons for the same.
27. Give some examples of Tyndall effect observed in your surroundings?
28. Can we separate alcohol dissolved in water by using a separating funnel? If yes, then describe the procedure.
If not, explain.
29. On heating calcium carbonate gets converted into calcium oxide and carbon dioxide.
(a) Is this a physical or a chemical change?
(b) Can you prepare one acidic and one basic solution by using the products formed in the above process? If so, write the chemical equation involved.
30. Non metals are usually poor conductors of heat and electricity. They are non-lustrous, non-sonorous, non-malleable and are coloured.
(a) Name a lustrous non-metal.
(b) Name a non-metal which exists as a liquid at room temperature.
(c) The allotropic form of a non-metal is a good conductor of electricity. Name the allotrope.
(d) Name a non-metal which is known to form the largest number of compounds.
(e) Name a non-metal other than carbon which shows allotropy.
(f) Name a non-metal which is required for combustion.
32. Which of the following are not compounds?
(a) Chlorine gas
(b) Potassium chloride
(d) Iron sulphide
(h) Carbon monoxide
(i) Sulphur powder
Long Answer Questions
33. Fractional distillation is suitable for separation of miscible liquids with a boiling point difference of about 25 K or less. What part of fractional distillation apparatus makes it efficient and possess an advantage over a simple distillation process. Explain using a diagram.
34. (a) Under which category of mixtures will you classify alloys and why?
(b) A solution is always a liquid. Comment.
(c) Can a solution be heterogeneous?
35. Iron filings and sulphur were mixed together and divided into two parts, ‘A’ and ‘B’. Part ‘A’ was heated strongly while Part ‘B’ was not heated. Dilute hydrochloric acid was added to both the Parts and evolution of gas was seen in both the cases. How will you identify the gases evolved?
36. A child wanted to separate the mixture of dyes constituting a sample of ink. He marked a line by the ink on the filter paper and placed the filter paper in a glass containing water as shown in Fig.2.3. The filter paper was removed when the water moved near the top of the filter paper.
(i) What would you expect to see, if the ink contains three different coloured components?
(ii) Name the technique used by the child.
(iii) Suggest one more application of this technique.
37. A group of students took an old shoe box and covered it with a black paper from all sides. They fixed a source of light (a torch) at one end of the box by making a hole in it and made another hole on the other side to view the light. They placed a milk sample contained in a beaker/tumbler in the box as shown in the Fig.2.4. They were amazed
to see that milk taken in the tumbler was illuminated. They tried the same activity by taking a salt solution but found that light simply passed through it?
(a) Explain why the milk sample was illuminated. Name the phenomenon involved.
(b) Same results were not observed with a salt solution. Explain.
(c) Can you suggest two more solutions which would show the same effect as shown by the milk solution?
38. Classify each of the following, as a physical or a chemical change. Give reasons.
(a) Drying of a shirt in the sun.
(b) Rising of hot air over a radiator.
(c) Burning of kerosene in a lantern.
(d) Change in the colour of black tea on adding lemon juice to it.
(e) Churning of milk cream to get butter.
39. During an experiment the students were asked to prepare a 10% (Mass/Mass) solution of sugar in water. Ramesh dissolved 10g of sugar in 100g of water while Sarika prepared it by dissolving 10g of sugar in water to make 100g
of the solution. (a) Are the two solutions of the same concentration
(b) Compare the mass % of the two solutions.
40. You are provided with a mixture containing sand, iron filings, ammonium chloride and sodium chloride. Describe the procedures you would use to separate these constituents from the mixture?
41. Arun has prepared 0.01% (by mass) solution of sodium chloride in water. Which of the following correctly represents the composition of the solutions?
(a) 1.00 g of NaCl + 100g of water
(b) 0.11g of NaCl + 100g of water
(c) 0.0l g of NaCl + 99.99g of water
(d) 0.10 g of NaCl + 99.90g of water
42. Calculate the mass of sodium sulphate required to prepare its 20% (mass percent) solution in 100g of water?
1. Which of the following correctly represents 360 g of water?
(i) 2 moles of H2
(ii) 20 moles of water
(iii) 6.022 × 1023 molecules of water
(iv) 1.2044×1025 molecules of water
(a) (i) (b) (i) and (iv)
(c) (ii) and (iii) (d) (ii) and (iv)
2. Which of the following statements is not true about an atom?
(a) Atoms are not able to exist independently
(b) Atoms are the basic units from which molecules and ions are formed
(c) Atoms are always neutral in nature
(d) Atoms aggregate in large numbers to form the matter that we can see, feel or touch
3. The chemical symbol for nitrogen gas is
4. The chemical symbol for sodium is
(a) So (b) Sd (c) NA (d) Na
5. Which of the following would weigh the highest?
(a) 0.2 mole of sucrose (C12 H22 O11)
(b) 2 moles of CO2
(c) 2 moles of CaCO3
(d) 10 moles of H2O
6. Which of the following has maximum number of atoms?
(a) 18g of H2O
(b) 18g of O2
(c) 18g of CO2
(d) 18g of CH4
7. Which of the following contains maximum number of molecules?
(a) 1g CO2
(b) 1g N2
(c) 1g H2
(d) 1g CH4
9. 3.42 g of sucrose are dissolved in 18g of water in a beaker. The number of oxygen atoms in the solution are
(a) 6.68 × 1023
(b) 6.09 × 1022
(c) 6.022 × 1023
(d) 6.022 × 1021
10. A change in the physical state can be brought about
(a) only when energy is given to the system
(b) only when energy is taken out from the system
(c) when energy is either given to, or taken out from the system
(d) without any energy change Short Answer Questions
11. Which of the following represents a correct chemical formula? Name it.
(a) CaCl (b) BiPO4
12. Write the molecular formulae for the following compounds
(a) Copper (II) bromide
(b) Aluminium (III) nitrate
(c) Calcium (II) phosphate
(d) Iron (III) sulphide
(e) Mercury (II) chloride
(f) Magnesium (II) acetate
13. Write the molecular formulae of all the compounds that can be formed by the combination of following ions
Cu2+, Na+, Fe3+, C1–,2- SO4, 3 – PO4
14. Write the cations and anions present (if any) in the following compounds
15. Give the formulae of the compounds formed from the following sets of elements
(a) Calcium and fluorine
(b) Hydrogen and sulphur
(c) Nitrogen and hydrogen
(d) Carbon and chlorine
(e) Sodium and oxygen
(f) Carbon and oxygen
16. Which of the following symbols of elements are incorrect? Give their correct symbols
(a) Cobalt CO
(b) Carbon c
(c) Aluminium AL
(d) Helium He
(e) Sodium So
17. Give the chemical formulae for the following compounds and compute the ratio by mass of the combining elements in each one of them. (You may use appendix-III).
(b) Carbon monoxide
(c) Hydrogen chloride
(d) Aluminium fluoride
(e) Magnesium sulphide
18. State the number of atoms present in each of the following chemical species
19. What is the fraction of the mass of water due to neutrons?
20. Does the solubility of a substance change with temperature? Explain with the help of an example.
21. Classify each of the following on the basis of their atomicity.
22. You are provided with a fine white coloured powder which is either sugar or salt. How would you identify it without tasting?
23. Calculate the number of moles of magnesium present in a magnesium ribbon weighing 12 g. Molar atomic mass of magnesium is 24g mol–1
24. Verify by calculating that
(a) 5 moles of CO2
and 5 moles of H2O do not have the same mass.
(b) 240 g of calcium and 240 g magnesium elements have a mole ratio of 3:5.
25. Find the ratio by mass of the combining elements in the following compounds. (You may use Appendix-III)
26. Calcium chloride when dissolved in water dissociates into its ions according to the following equation.
CaCl2(aq) → Ca2+ (aq) + 2Cl–(aq)
Calculate the number of ions obtained from CaCl2 when 222 g of it is dissolved in water.
27. The difference in the mass of 100 moles each of sodium atoms and sodium ions is 5.48002 g. Compute the mass of an electron.
28. Cinnabar (HgS) is a prominent ore of mercury. How many grams of mercury are present in 225 g of pure HgS? Molar mass of Hg and S are 200.6 g mol–1 and 32 g mol–1 respectively. 29. The mass of one steel screw is 4.11g. Find the mass of one mole of these steel screws. Compare this value with the mass of the Earth (5.98 × 1024kg).
Which one of the two is heavier and by how many times? 30. A sample of vitamic C is known to contain 2.58 ×1024 oxygen atoms. How many moles of oxygen atoms are present in the sample?
31. Raunak took 5 moles of carbon atoms in a container and Krish also took 5 moles of sodium atoms in another container of same weight. (a) Whose container is heavier? (b) Whose container has more number of atoms?
33. The visible universe is estimated to contain 1022 stars. How many moles of stars are present in the visible universe?
34. What is the SI prefix for each of the following multiples and submultiples of a unit?
(a) 103 (b) 10–1 (c) 10–2 (d) 10–6 (e) 10–9 (f) 10–12
35. Express each of the following in kilograms
(a) 5.84×10-3 mg
(b) 58.34 g
(d) 5.873×10-21 g
36. Compute the difference in masses of 103 moles each of magnesium atoms and magnesium ions. (Mass of an electron = 9.1×10–31 kg)
37. Which has more number of atoms?
100g of N2
or 100 g of NH3
38. Compute the number of ions present in 5.85 g of sodium chloride.
39. A gold sample contains 90% of gold and the rest copper. How many atoms of gold are present in one gram of this sample of gold?
40. What are ionic and molecular compounds? Give examples.
41. Compute the difference in masses of one mole each of aluminium atoms and one mole of its ions. (Mass of an electron is 9.1×10–28 g). Which one is heavier?
42. A silver ornament of mass ‘m’ gram is polished with gold equivalent to 1% of the mass of silver. Compute the ratio of the number of atoms of gold and silver in the ornament.
43. A sample of ethane (C2H6 ) gas has the same mass as 1.5 ×1020 molecules of methane (CH4). How many C2H6
molecules does the sample of gas contain?
44. Fill in the blanks
(a) In a chemical reaction, the sum of the masses of the reactants and products remains unchanged. This is called ————.
(b) A group of atoms carrying a fixed charge on them is called ————.
(c) The formula unit mass of Ca3(PO4)2is ————.
(d) Formula of sodium carbonate is ———— and that of ammonium sulphate is ————.
45. Complete the following crossword puzzle (Fig. 3.1) by using the name of the chemical elements. Use the data given in Table 3.2.
46. (a) In this crossword puzzle (Fig 3.2), names of 11 elements are hidden. Symbols of these are given below. Complete the puzzle.
2. The element used by Rutherford during his α–scattering experiment
3. An element which forms rust on exposure to moist air
5. A very reactive non–metal stored under water
7. Zinc metal when treated with dilute hydrochloric acid produces a gas of this element which when tested with burning splinter produces a pop sound. Down
1. A white lustrous metal used for making ornaments and which tends to get tarnished black in the presence of moist air
4. Both brass and bronze are alloys of the element
6. The metal which exists in the liquid state at room temperature
8. An element with symbol Pb
(b) Identify the total number of inert gases, their names and symbols from this cross word puzzle.
47. Write the formulae for the following and calculate the molecular mass for each one of them.
(a) Caustic potash
(b) Baking powder
(c) Lime stone
(d) Caustic soda
(f) Common salt
48. In photosynthesis, 6 molecules of carbon dioxide combine with an equal number of water molecules through a complex series of reactions to give a molecule of glucose having a molecular formula C6 H12 O6 . How many grams
of water would be required to produce 18 g of glucose? Compute the volume of water so consumed assuming the density of water to be 1 g cm–3
Chapter 9: Force and Laws of Motion
Mathematics from NCERT Exemplar for class 9
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